others have recorded the following tradition as related by Zayd ibn 'Arqam
and transmitted through sources unanimously acknowledged to be reliable.
Zayd says that the Messenger of Allah, Allah's blessings and peace
be upon him and his posterity, delivered a
sermon at Ghadir-e-Khumm under a cloth spread as a canopy on two large
trees. He said:
"O my people! I am going to be recalled shortly and I must comply. I
shall be interrogated and you also shall be interrogated. What will you
say then?" The entire audience answered: "We shall bear witness that you
did convey to us the message of Allah, and tried your best to guide us
on the right path and always gave us good console. May Allah bless you
with a good reward."
It was the 10th
year of the Hijra. It was the annual Hajj season and people had
assembled from almost all parts of the Arabian Peninsula on hearing the
news that it was the farewell Pilgrimage for the Almighty’s Last
Messenger to mankind, Prophet Mohammad (blessings of Allah upon him and
his progeny). The chants of Labbaik Allah-homma labbaik,
which means “Here I am O’ God, here I am we obey You,” was
heard from the deserts around Mecca.
Ghadeer: The Day of
Salvation of Mankind
Seyyed Ali Shahbaz
“O’ Messenger! Proclaim what has been revealed from your Lord, if you do
not do it, then you have not discharged your mission, and Allah will
protect you from the (evil of) people.” Holy Qur’an 5:67
On 18th Zil-Hijja in 10 AH, Prophet Muhammad (SAWA), while returning to
Medina from his farewell Hajj pilgrimage and shortly after parting ways
at Juhfa with pilgrims that had come from different directions of the
Arabian Peninsula, was suddenly stopped in the scorching sands beside a
pond (Ghadeer in Arabic) in the obscure place called Khum by the
emissary of God, Archangel Gabriel, who brought the above verse. As is
clear from the wording of the ayah there was urgency in the matter. The
divine tone was rather unusual and stern to the person whom God refers
in the Holy Qur’an as “Mercy to the creation”.
Ghadir Tradition: The
Expressive Evidence for Guardianship
Prepared by Islamic
Sciences and Researches Group
In the open political climate recently established in the country, a
number of Sunnite Molavi in the southern parts of the country, have
started their offence to the Shiite beliefs (state’s official school) in
contrary to their commitment on the issue of solidarity, an example of
which is the article with the title of “The legendary of martyrdom of
Hazrat Zahra (a.s.)”, which was published in the “Nedaye Islam” magazine
(licensed by Ministry of Guidance), and we replied it decisively.
Ghadir, the Greatest Eid of All Religions
“Today I have perfected your religion and completed my favor upon
you, and I was satisfied that Islam be your religion.”
(The Holy Quran, 5:3)
which is known as Eid al-Akbar (the greatest Eid) in
Islamic narrations, could be referred to as the greatest
celebration (Eid) of all religions. For the result of the
mission of all the messengers of Allah (SWT) became accomplished on
Event of Ghadir Khumm
Location of Ghadir Khumm
Ghadir Khumm Remembered on Other Occasions
Books that mention the Event
Transmitters and their Credibility
Meaning and Implication
Blessedness of the day of Ghadir Khumm
Ghadir Khumm Portal
How YOU can help !
The Prophet Says Farewell to Kaaba
It was in 10 A.H. and the time for
Hajj. The Hijazi deserts witnessed large crowds of Muslims who unitedly
chanted the same slogans and proceeded towards the same holy end.
That year the sight of the Hajj
pilgrimage was much more exciting and moving than ever before. Muslims
most hurriedly and eagerly traversed the way and went to Makkah - this
one of the most important day for MOMINEENS
around the world as that is the day on which our beloved Prophet
Muhammad (s.a.w) declared Hazrat Ali's vicegerency at
Ghadir-e-Khum on his return from his last pilgrimage which is
known in history as ‘Hajjat-ul-Wida'. This event took place on the
18th of Zil-Hajj (1410 AH), in front of nearly one hundred thousand
Prophet of Islam, Muhammad ibne Abdullah (s.a.w) went to Mecca in the
last year of his life to perform the worship of "Hajj". He also invited
all the Muslims to take part in the Hajj ceremonies, and, in response to
his invitation, all those who were able to do so accepted the Prophet's
dictate. In a short while, large numbers of Muslims were moving towards
Mecca. There they performed the glorious worship of Hajj and learned
from the Prophet all its customs and procedures.
"O MESSENGER! MAKE IT KNOWN, THAT
WHICH HADTH BEEN REVEALED UNTO THEE FROM THY LORD, FOR IF THOU DO IT
NOT, THOU WILL NOT HAVE CONVEYED HIS MESSAGE. ALLAH WILL PROTECT THEE
FROM MANKIND. LO! ALLAH GUIDETH NOT THE DISBELIEVING FOLK"
The Holy Koran,
Surrah Al-Ma'idah - verse 67 (The
Gather the pilgrims
The Messenger of Allah, The Holy
Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) suddenly
In the year 10AH, the
Prophet proceeded on his journey to Mecca to perform pilgrimage. A
pilgrimage which was later to be called the ‘farewell pilgrimage’ (hujjat
al-wada’a). Named so because it was the last pilgrimage the Prophet was
to perform before being called to Allah.
As news spread that
the Prophet would be performing pilgrimage, many people came and joined.
Some sources put the number that accompanied the Prophet from Mecca to
Madina at 120,000. Although, the total number of pilgrims far
outnumbered that. This count is not surprising since this was the first
pilgrimage since migrating to Madina, so many wanted to join the Prophet
and be a part of the auspicious occasion.
Day of Fraternization
"Today I have perfected your religion
and completed my bounty upon you, and I was satisfied that Islam be
In this holy verse, Today is the
eighteenth day of Zul Hijja of the tenth year Hegira when the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) declared before the entire crowd of people
the Greatest Imamate of the Commander of Faithful Imam Ali Bin Abi
Taleb, marking that day as the Greatest Eid (Feast) of Allah during
which religion was completed and the grace, bounty and satisfaction of
Allah that Islam be the religion of the believers were granted.
Background of Feast of
By: Morteza Kermani
On the 18th of Dhul-Hajjah, after
completing his last pilgrimage (Hajjatul-Widaa), Prophet (p) was leaving
Mecca toward Medina, when he and the crowd of people reached to a place
called Ghadir Khum (which is close to today's Juhfah).
It was a place where people from
different provinces should say Good-bye to each other and take different
routes for their home. In this place, the following verse was revealed:
"O Apostle! Deliver what has been sent
down to you from your Lord; and if you don't do it, you have not
delivered His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the
people ..." (Quran 5:67).
Eidol Ghadir and a Pious Leadership
On the 18th of
Zilhejjah of the 10th year after Hijra, a great event took
place by a small pond which lay on the way between Holy Mecca and
Medina. On that day the holy Prophet of Islam (May the blessing of Allah
be upon him and his progeny) conveyed his message to the 120,000-strong
crowd of Haj pilgrims. This great event became known as Ghadir Khom in
the history of Islam. Muslims term this day as Eid and celebrate it
since it has a special value and sanctity for them. Eidol Ghadir was the
day the holy Prophet of Islam returned from his last Haj pilgrimage from
The 18th of Dhu 'l-Hijja is
celebrated in the Shí'a world as the 'idd of Ghadir Khumm in which
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said about Imam 'Ali: "Whomsoever's master (mawla)
I am, this 'Ali is also his master." This event is of such significance
to the Shí'as that no serious scholar of Islam can ignore it. The
purpose of this paper is to study how the Orientalists handled the event
of Ghadir Khumm. By "orientalists", I mean the Western scholarship of
Islam and also those Easterners who received their entire Islamic
training under such scholars.
feast in light of Ahadith
By: K. Safavi
A dignified feast
Hazrat Imam Ali ibn-e-Abi Talib (as)
said: The Ghadir feast is a day which dignity is great. On this day,
blessings fell from heaven; the ranks of those who were eligible to rise
was enhanced; God's proofs became clear and manifest; today was the day
when religion was perfected; a day fit to take the oath of allegiance.
"Al-Ghadir" and its
Relevance to Islamic Unity
Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari
The distinguished book
entitled "al-Ghadir" has raised a huge wave in the world of Islam.
Islamic thinkers shed light on the book in different perspectives; in
literature, history, theology, tradition, tafsir, and sociology. From
the social perspective we can deal with the Islamic unity. In this
review the Islamic unity has been dealt with from a social point of
On the 18th of Thil hijja at
Ghadeer-Khum, the Holy Prophet made his final message to complete his
succession. In Arabic the word "Ghadeer" means a pond and Khum is the
name of this pond in the desert called "sahra-e-Hujfah". It is a known
tradition that all the prophets appointed their successors by Allah's
will without the approval of the followers. But the leadership became a
controversy among Prophet Mohammed's followers even though he declared
many time that Imam Ali was the successor.
Dua For Eid Al-Ghadeer
O Allah I beseech Thee (alone), because,
verily, to Thee belongs (all) praise; Thou art Single, has no partner,
One, Unique, eternally besought Independent, neither begets, nor
begotten, and there is none comparable unto Thee; and Muhammad is Thy
servant and Messenger, Thy blessings be on him and on his children. O He
who, every day, exercises (universal) power, so (it was) under Thy
mandate I was taken care of, and because of which I am among those who
receive Thy response, follow thy religion, and call Thee (alone).
The Declaration of
It was in the month of Zilhajj 10 A.H.
when the Holy Prophet becoming intuitively aware of his approaching end,
decided to make a farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca. As the time for the
Pilgrimage approached, he started to make preparations for the journey.
Hazrat Ali who was in Yemen was asked to complete his work and join the
Prophet in Mecca.
Essay on Ghadeer Khum
At the very outset we are but faced
with a stark reality. We are compelled to ask ourselves two questions.
What status did Islam want the Muslims to achieve? What status have the
Muslims actually achieved? The answer to the first question is
comparatively much easy to digest. Three times does the Holy Quran
repeats: "He it is who sent His apostle with guidance and the religion
of truth, that he might cause it to prevail over all religions..."(9:33,
48:28, 61:9). Also the Holy Quran enunciates: "Surely the land is
Allah’s; He causes such of His servants to inherit it as He pleases "
(7:128) But the answer to the second question hits the belly - and
indeed hits it hard. Today’s Muslim does not stand anywhere near
victory. Success reaches every house but somehow manages to escape the
thresholds of Muslims. The parable of the Muslim is that of a football.
Being kicked from one end to another. Some do kick to get material
benefits. Majority are the people who seek pure entertainment by being
the spectators and at times the cheerleaders. This reality slaps, smack,
on our faces.