Declaration at Ghadeer
"O MESSENGER! MAKE IT KNOWN, THAT
WHICH HADTH BEEN REVEALED UNTO THEE FROM THY LORD, FOR IF THOU DO IT
NOT, THOU WILL NOT HAVE CONVEYED HIS MESSAGE. ALLAH WILL PROTECT THEE
FROM MANKIND. LO! ALLAH GUIDETH NOT THE DISBELIEVING FOLK"
The Holy Koran,
Surrah Al-Ma'idah - verse 67 (The
Gather the pilgrims
The Messenger of Allah, The Holy
Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) suddenly
stopped and froze on hearing the above Ayah from The Archangel
Jibraeel(as). He quickly ordered the halt of the caravan in astonishment
of all his companions and followers under the hot blazing midday sun, at
such a desolute place in the desert in a place called Ghadir Khumm.
The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf) confronted
their complaints and pestering by saying that he was commanded by God to
address the multitude of travellers. To convey to them all, of what he
had been revealed to him. Before the masses begin dispersing in all
directions in the desert to their individual homes.
He then quickly commanded one of his
trusted faithfull and close companion the blackman Balaal to immeadiatly
cry out the call to prayer. So that to call the thousands of Moslem
travellers together and gather before him.
The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf) then quickly
ordered the clearing of the desert's dry prickly plants from the ground
for the masses to stand before him. The ordered for camel saddles be
piled up to as a make shift pulprit upon a small elevated sandy mound.
The Messenger of God(phuh&hf) then
awaited under the hot burning sun for the straddlers of people that were
still behind to gather together.
As soon as the multitude were gathered
before him, The Apostle(phuh&hf) then stood upon the make shift pulprit
of camel saddles piled up on the small sandy moud before them, so that
he was high enough to be seen by all the congregation before him. The
crowd before him quickly quietened down their questioning murrer as soon
as they saw their Prophet (phuh&hf) standing high before them.
He then gestured to Ali Ibin Abe Taleb
(as) and invited him to join him and stand on his right on the make
shift of piled camel saddles upon the small sandy mound. The masses of
people waited and watched in wonderment at the two before them, each
standing on his woollen cloak on the ground to protect their feet from
the burning hot sands around them, under the blazing hot sun.
The Messenger of God (pbuh&hf) began
his address in praising and glorify God The Almighty, The Creator of all
the worlds and of the heavens. He then proceeded to give them the sad
news to the dismay of all the congregation, of his own nearing death
His coming death
"I have been summoned
and it is the moment for
me to answer.
The time has come for me, to depart from you.
I leave behind me amongst you, two precious
if you cleave to them, you will never go astray.
The Holy Book of God and, my Offspring the Ahl Al-Bayt.
For they will never abandon you, until they have
led you to me,
at the sacred shores of Heaven!"
The masses of people gathered before
him wept openly in sorrow at news of his nearing death.
The Messenger of God (pbuh&hf) to die.
How could this be, they wondered. But who would lead and guide them,
they worriedly murrmured to each other in puzzlement?
When they had quitened down. The
Prophet(pbuh&hf) then called out at the top of his voice.
"Am I not more
appropriate to rule over you
The people replied in earnest,
"By God. Yes you are!"
He continued by taking hold of both
Ali's(as) arms and raised them high above his shoulders, so much so that
his sleeves slipped down his arms and exposed Ali's(as) naked armpits.
The Prophet(pbuh&hf) went on to
proclaimed that Ali(as) as his successor and the legitimate Calipha of
"Then whosoever, I am
Then this man, Ali is his master."
Befriend him, whosoever befriends him.
Oppose him, whosoever opposes him.
Support him, whosoever supports him.
Desert him, whosoever deserts him."
That through the revelation, Allah
(swt) that had been made known to him earlier. That Ali (as) standing
here before them is the chosen successor by God Himself, upon His own
After the masses pledge of allegiance
ceremony had completed. The Prophet (pbuh&hf) looked above to the sky
and raised a finger declaring in a loud clear voice for all to hear:
"As God is my Judge!
Bear witness then for me, that today I have surely
completed and fulfilled your religion for you,
and have successfully conveyed, The Message,
that has been bestowed upon me by Allah.....
Oh Moslems have I not! ?"
The Moslems all shouted repeatedly and
replied in great earnest,
"Yes You have, Oh, Messenger of God!
Yes you have."
The Holy Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) then
immediately prayed 'two Rakas' on the spot, so as to commemorate the
historic occassion. And when he had finished his prayers. It was then
time for the noon prayers and Balaal once again cried prayer call. But
this time it was made for the actual prayer call for the compulsory noon
After The Prophet (pbuh&hf) finished leading the noon prayers. He called
Ali (as) to follow him into his tent that was pitched under a tree and
sat himself opposite to him.
He then ordered all the Muslims and his Companions to each personally
make an oath of allegiance to Ali (as) in his very presence.
Congratulating Ali upon his
As soon as the last Muslim had given
his pledge of Allegiance. The Prophet(pbuh&hf) embraced Ali(as) and
congratulated him on his appointment as his successor and Caliph of all
the Muslims after his death and the joyous crowd surrounding them all
shouted their approval.
The Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) proudly
praising Ali(as) and named him officially as,
Meaning, The Commander of all the
This was the very first time ever that
this term was ever heard and used in addressing any Muslim.
Following The Prophet's(pbuh&hf)
example the rest of his accompanying Companions followed suit amongst
them notably was, Umar Ibin Al-Khattab. Who joyfully said to Ali(as),
"Bravo, bravo Ali. You have now become my master and the master of every
believing man and woman!"
Then poets began composing their poetry
commerating this happy and wonderfull occassion of the history of Islam.