The Learned Noble Lady from the Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.)

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History

Sayeda Fatima Al-Masumah (S.A.) was brought up in a very noble family. She was daughter of the Holy Imam [Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A.S.)], the sister of the Holy Imam [Imam Ridha (A.S.)] and the aunt of the Holy Imam [Imam Muhammed al-Jawad (A.S.)]. She was taught all the Islamic sciences by Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A.S.) and Imam Ridha (A.S.) and she transmitted Ahadith (traditions) from them. She became famous as Aalimah (the Learned Lady) and Muhaddithah (the Learned Lady who transmitted Ahadith).

The traditions quoted by Sayeda Masumah (S.A.) are among the most authentic traditions which are present in various books of traditions.

She was Masumah (the Immaculate)

Sayeda Fatima bint Musa al-Kadhim (A.S.) was most pious, noble and reverend lady. Like her holy grandmother Sayeda Fatima Zahra (S.A.) she was always busy in performing Salat (prayers) and kept fast most of the days. She was greatly respected and revered by her holy father Imam Musa al-Kadhim (A.S.) and her elder brother Imam Ridha (A.S.). She becomes famous as Masumah (the Immaculate) during her lifetime. Imam Ridha (A.S.) has said about Sayeda Fatima Masumah (S.A.) “Whoever performs the Ziyarah of ‘Fatima Masumah’ in Qum is like the person who has performed my Ziyarah”.

Karimat Ahlul Bayt (A.S.)

Sayeda Fatima Al-Masumah (S.A.) is also considered as Karimat Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) because she was very kind and gracious. Thousands of miracles have been recorded at the holy grave of her and she fulfills the rightful wishes of the believers and she miraculously heals incurable patients. Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) has quoted “By the intercession of Fatima Al-Masumah (S.A.) all my Shias will enter the paradise”.

Demise of Sayeda Masumah (S.A.)

In the year 200 A.H. a year after the forced migration of Imam Ridha (A.S.) from Medina to Marw in Khurasan by the reigning Abbasid caliph Mamun, Sayeda Masumah accompanied by her brothers left Medina for Khurasan to meet her elder brother Imam Ridha (A.S.). When they reached Saveh in central Iran they were attacked by the Abbasid army and many of his brothers were mercilessly martyred. A lady servant on the orders of the Abbasid commander poisoned Sayeda Masumah (S.A.) during her stay in Saveh.

Sayeda Masumah (S.A.) became severely ill and in this condition she migrated to Qum where the Shias of the city warmly welcomed her. The effect of poisoning increased during her short stay in Qum and she attained martyrdom on 10th of Rabi al-Thani 201 A.H. Sayeda Masumah (S.A.) had great longing to meet her brother Imam Ridha (A.S.) but due to her sudden death she could not meet him. Imam Ridha (A.S.) was deeply grieved when he came to know about the demise of her beloved sister Sayeda Fatima Masumah (S.A.).