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Islam and the Question of Violence

Despite the presence of violence in many regions of the world ranging from Ireland to Lebanon to the Pacific Basin and involving many religions from Christianity to Hinduism, the Western world associates Islam more than any other religion with violence. The Muslim conquest of Spain, the Crusades - which were not begun by Muslims -, and the Ottoman domination of eastern Europe have provided a historical memory of Islam as being related to force and power. Moreover, the upheavals of the past few decades in the Middle East and especially movements using the name of Islam and seeking to solve problems of the Muslim world created by conditions and causes beyond the control of Muslims have only reinforced the idea prevalent in the West that in some special way Islam is related to violence. Read more... Islam and the Question of Violence  

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Al-Qimar (Gambling) - Part 1


Islamic Articles - Contemporary Issues

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Al-Qimaar  means to bet, to gamble, whereby one wins the money or thing put on stake while others lose. It is to play for winning more money and taking a risk through speculation, with a desire to get something for very little or nothing.

This is Haraam (unlawful) and considered as a major sin in Islam.

“They ask you about intoxicants and games of chances. Say: in both of them there is a great sin …”

(2:219 Qur’an)

“O’ you who believe! Intoxicants and games of chance and divining by arrows are only an uncleanness, the Shaitan’s work; shun it therefore that you may be successful.”

(5:90 Qur’an)

Imam Ali ibn Musa ar-Ridha (as) had said:

“Abstain from all games of chance (gambling) even those played by children with nuts and pieces of bones .”

In Khisaale Sadooq, it is reported from Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as):

“Do not salute (wish well) drunkards and gamblers.”


In Chapter 5, Verse no.90 of the Holy Qur’an (quoted above) the words Maysir and Azlaam have been mentioned.

Maysir is derived from yusr in arabic meaning ‘ease’. Since a gambler does not perform any laborious work and is able to easily grab the money belonging to others, gambling is also called Maysir. This includes all types of gambling.

Azlaam which has been translated to read “diving by arrows”is also a game of chance played with dice. This has been specifically mentioned because it was popular before the advent of Islam.

Shaheedul-Mihrab, Ayatullah Abdulhussein Dasti Ghayb (r.a) explaining Azlaam in his book ‘Gunahan-e-kabeera’ writes as follows:

“There used to be special pieces of wood which were used in gambling. Azlaam is also known as Aqlaam. The gamblers used to purchase a camel and divide the meat of the slaughtered camel into twenty-eight parts. Ten pieces of arrow shaped wood were kept at the venue of gambling. Each piece had a specific name. The names of seven of those pieces were: faz, tawaam, raqeeb, halas, nafis, masbal and mualla. Specific portion of meat was allotted to each of the arrows. For example faz was equal to one portion and mualla had seven portions. The meat had been divided into twenty-eight pieces was distributed only to these ten pieces of wood. Some of the arrows were such that no meat was allotted to them and in fact those who got them had to reimburse the cost of camel in full. The total of participants in this game was ten, and the three unlucky ones were expelled. The three arrows were named manaj, safih and raghad.

The Late Ayatullah then states that:

Azlaam is a kind of wager whereas Maysir includes all forms of gambling. Other methods of Azlaam are also recorded but irrespective of the method, all types of wagers are Haraam (unlawful in Islam). Wine, gambling, idol worship and azlaam are all satanic works. Involving oneself in these would deprive the person ofsalvation and success in the hereafter.It is therefore commandednotto even go near wine and gambling.

To be continued……………………….

References have been made from:
Gunahan-e-kabeera of Ayatullah Abdulhussein Dasti Gahyb
Qimaar – Article by Marhum Ahmed H Sheriff
Tafseer of S.V.Mir Ahmed Ali

Readers are requested to remember the above Marhumeen with recitation of Surah al-Fatiha

Mulla Mujaheedali Sheriff
Source: http://www.almahdi.org.uk

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