Al-Qimar (Gambling) - Part 2

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People have been gambling in many parts of the world since centuries ago. It had existed in Arabia during the time of jahiliyyah – age of ignorance.

Once the Holy Prophet (saw), before proclaiming prophethood, was passing through the bazaar –market in Makkah where he saw how people gambled. He saw how Aas bin Hasham bet with Abu Lahab all his belongings one after another and losing them all. In the end, he was left with only his slaves and slave-girls whom he also placed in the stake hoping to win, but he also lost them all. Finally, still hoping to win and recover his losses, he placed himself on bet in slavery for ten years with his counter-part.

Seeing all this, the Holy Prophet (saw) was very much grieved and retired to a mountain to pray for help of Allah (SWT) to eradicate this evil of gambling and other vices of the people.

The late Ahmed H Sheriff in his article entitled ‘Qimaar’ writes:

Bishop G Bromley had served as a Christian Minister in the Eastern side of Los Angeles, U.S.A. He had the opportunity to observe the consequence of betting and other forms of gambling.

Relating an experience, he writes that a man, who was a Cashier of the city, had embezzled more than $50,000 over a period of years. One day he collapsed from his office high stool. When he was carried to a rest room for first aid, it was found that he had misappropriated several thousands of cash.

Why did he do that? The reason detected was that he was in the hobby of gambling and betting on horses. He had won the first time and thus encouraged to continue gambling. But later on, he lost heavily, and so he began to steal.

He ended up being hand-cuffed by the police and led to cells. When the Minister visited him in the cells, he looked upset, a broken man ruined by his own weakness, having turned into a corrupt person, following his gambling habit.

This is but only one incident out of numerous cases of ruining outcome of those who gamble.

Research shows that people gamble because of the following reasons:

1. Money Mindedness, love for money and the desire to raise an easy, extra income for nothing.
2. Lack of sensible aim of life and fear of Allah (SWT)
3. Absence of useful hobbies to pass spare times particularly in the evenings.

The Islamic Shari’ah has forbidden all kinds of games of chance whether with high stakes or even with small sums of money. It has also forbidden to play those games commonly used for gambling even without stake and condition of money gain or loss e.g. games of cards. Every aspect of it is Haraam (unlawful) whether to learn, use or to trade in it.

Ayatullah  Seyyid Ali  al-Husseini as-Seestani in his ‘Taudheehul-Masail’, states clearly under “Haraam Transactions”: Sale and purchase of those things which are usually utilised for haraam acts like gambling tools. Refer Mas’alah no.2063 on page 373 of Islamic Laws. Furtheron, in Mas’alah no.2078 on page 376, the ruling reads:It is haraam to purchase a thing which has been acquired by means of gambling, theft or a void transaction, and if a person buys such a thing from a seller, he should return it to its original owner.

In Tafseer-e-Qummi, it is narrated from Imam Muhammed al-Baqir (as) who has said:

“All kinds of games of betting are gambling and the sale, the purchase and the use of all the tools of gambling are Haraam. It is only an act that shaitaan istigates you to do.”

To be continued………………………….

References have been taken from:

Gunahan-e-Kabeera of Marhum Ayatullah Abdulhussein Dasti Ghayb

Qimaar – Article by Marhum Ahmed H Sheriff

Islamic Laws of Ayatullah as-Seestani

Readers are humbly requested to remember the Marhumeen with Surah al-Fatihah and pray for the long & healthy life of our Marja’-e-Taqleed

Mulla Mujaheedali Sheriff
mulla@almahdi.org.uk
Source: http://www.almahdi.org.uk

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