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Jihad: Struggle Against One's Self or Holy War?

When most people hear the word jihad the first thing that comes to mind is Holy War by Muslims against all non-Muslims. Is this the actual meaning of jihad, or has this term been misused? How was jihad defined by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)1, the prophet of Islam? How has jihad been used by Muslims after the death of Muhammad (pbuh)? Has the media presented the Islamic or an alternative meaning of jihad to the public? Is jihad the struggle against one’’s self or is it holy war? One fifth of the human population2 has taken Islam as their way of life and it is very important that the real concept of jihad in Islam is presented in its truest form. Jihad means struggle and the greatest struggle is against the self.


 

The term jihad is taken from the origin of the word from the Arabic verb "jahada" which means to struggle or fight. When discussed in an Islamic context it is mans struggle against nature, man and himself. Man struggles against nature to protect himself from the weather, disease, natural disasters, and from animals that may do him harm. This struggle against nature is not the same as it was 1400 years ago because of advances in technology. We have better housing, living conditions, climate control, vaccinations and technologies that warn us when there is the threat of inclement weather. With all these advances the struggle continues because there are new viruses, no absolute defense against natural disasters, and many people are still getting attacked by wild animals every year. The struggles against nature will always exist. Man throughout history has struggled against one another in matters of land, ideology, wealth and religion. Some of these struggles have been resolved peacefully like the United States and Russia did during the cold war or not so peacefully like the United States and Iraq during this present war.’ ‘  Man’s struggle against man can be traced back Biblically to Cain verses Abel Genesis 4:8, ‘’¦So it came about that while they were in the field Cain proceeded to assault his brother and kill him’. This shows one person against another, and there are also wars where communities are against communities, and nations are against nations. This is nothing new and as long as men continue not to disagree agreeably this will continue to exist. Man verses himself is so universal that it effects all men in every society and in all times. There is never a time when man is not with himself. Man struggles constantly with his emotions, morality, mortality, sexuality, and religious beliefs. He struggles to do what’’s right in his home in the work place and society at large. These struggles are inescapable. This is why the jihad of the self is called great because it has to be waged at all times and in all places.

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) like all prophets before him came to teach men how to be moral and upright. He was not an advocate of war nor did he take part in many. In her book "Muhammed," author Karen Armstrong writes:

Fighting and warfare might sometimes be necessary, but it was only a minor part of the whole jihad or struggle. A well-known tradition (hadith) has Muhammad saying on returning from a battle, ' We return from the little jihad to the greater jihad,' the more difficult and crucial effort to conquer the forces of evil in oneself and in one's own society in all the details of daily life.

Muhammad exhorted his companions to the worship of God alone and to self purification (jihad). While being oppressed in Mecca Muhammad never lifted a finger in his or his followers’’ defense. ‘The opposition began with ridicule and harassment and rapidly accelerated into an economic boycott and a threat to his personal life (Dr. Bashir Datoo 49). Muhammad and his followers were constantly beaten, spat on and two of them Samayya and her husband Yasser were murdered. Their murders and the continued persecution of the early Muslims caused the first migration of the Muslims from Mecca to Abyssinia and a later migration to Yathrib later named Medina. In Medina the first Islamic state was established 623 AD. There were Jews and Christians and pagans living there among each other in peace. There neither was any holy war (jihad) used to establish the Islamic State of Medina nor was there any compulsion used in trying to convert the non-Muslims. In Islam God has said ‘There is no compulsion in religion,’ (Holy Qur’an 2:256).’ ‘  When Muhammad and his followers returned victoriously to Mecca not one drop of blood was shed, and all that were there were forgiven. If jihad ‘holy war’ was to be waged against all non-Muslims all the pagans of Mecca and Jews and Christians in Medina would have been killed. Islamic historian Jafar Subhani writes in his book the Message,

Buoyed by the quickening pace of his revolution, the Prophet wrote letters and sent emissaries to neighboring rulers and heads of other religions to invite them to the fold of Islam. He set the stage for what unfolded, diffusion of Islam through vast areas of the Old World in the succeeding centuries. This was not achieved, as historians had previously alleged, by the force of the ‘sword,’ rather, as they themselves now readily acknowledge, by the intrinsic ‘appeal’ of the message itself. This appeal had to do with the emphasis that Islam laid on the moral and ethical development of a just and equitable society.

Muhammad led by example and his example was one of love, forgiveness and admonishing people to do good deeds and purify themselves through prayer, fasting and charity truly the great jihad.

After the death of Prophet Muhammad, Islam continued to expand at an unprecedented rate. However the Muslims were divided after the Prophet’s death into two main groups the Sunnis and the Shiites. The divide came because one group the Sunnis believed that the Prophet never named a successor to follow him so one needed to be elected and the other ‘Shiites’ believed that any successor to any Prophet had to be divinely chosen. This split did not lead to any wars directly following the death of the Prophet and the leaders that followed him were careful not to use compulsion in converting the people to Islam. This may seem contradictory and controversial in view of the state of Islam today in a place like Iraq where civil war between the Sunnis and Shiites is taking place. Some leaders from among the Islamic sects do see this type of fighting as Jihad, holy war, against other Muslims that don’t exactly believe the same way they do, they refer to them as Kufars ‘non-believers’ and they feel like it is their duty to purify the Muslim ranks of these non-believers. These groups misinterpret passages and verses from the Qur’an and traditions to try to justify their actions. Craig Branch agrees when writes, ‘A small percentage of Muslims who are from the extreme, radical and violent wing of Islamic Fundamentalism, and who are "...passionate, [deeply] religious and anti-Western...’ might dwell on passages or verses dealing with conflict, war, and resistance to oppression.’ The majority of Muslims adhere to the advice that was given by Ali ibn Abi Taleb3 to his governor in Egypt, ‘Oh Malik always remember that if a man is not your brother in faith he is your brother in humanity’ (Ordak 86). So despite the few renegades the majority of the Muslims view the greater jihad as, ‘the intimate struggle to purify one's soul of evil influences -- both subtle and overt. It is the struggle to cleanse one's spirit of sin’ (Al-Hajj Talib 'Abdur-Rashid).

In recent years Islam has come under attack in the media some justified some not. The biggest buzz words used by the media are Islamic Jihad, terrorism and fundamentalism. All have become terms that non-Muslims view as calls for all Muslims to unite against them. The majority of the conflicts that involves Muslims take place in the Middle East where there are mostly Arabs involved. This is ironic because the vast majority of Muslims are non-Arabs and according to Abdulrahman Al-Motrif, ‘Arabs only make up ten percent of the world wide population of Muslims’, and it seems like the call for holy war comes from that part of the world according to the media. Osama bin Laden is from Saudi Arabia and it has been reported that the majority of the hijackers in the 911 tragedy were also from Saudi Arabia. Some Muslims have begun to adopt the westernized view of jihad that has been reported from the Middle East by the media, that they should fight non-Muslims. This goes against the thinking of the majority of the Muslims and against what God says in the Qur’an, ‘Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and reason with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance’. (H.Q. 16:125). It would be unfair to say that all media on Islam has been negative, many in the media have tried to explain the Islamic view of jihad most notably, PBS video "Muhammad: Legacy of a Prophet" (Dec. 18, 2002), The PBS video "Islam: Empire of Faith" (2001) and History Channel/A & E's (summer 2002) "Inside Islam". The media it seems has been reflective of society, some view Islam as a terrorist religion bent on ruling the world through holy war and others see the few renegades as derelicts misrepresenting what Islam and jihad are ultimately about. Although the overwhelming reports given by the media has shown jihad to mean holy war there are those that have championed jihad as the struggle against the self.

The question still remains, is jihad the struggle against the self or holy war? The answer is, it is both.’  Jihad means struggle and struggles exist internally and externally. Jihad of self on a personal level involves as stated by Al-Hajj Talib 'Abdur-Rashid:

Putting "Allah ahead of our loved ones, our wealth, our worldly ambitions and our own lives."
Resisting pressure of parents, peers and society; strive against "the rejecters of faith..." (Quran 25:52)
"...strive and struggle to live as true Muslims..."
"Striving for righteous deeds."
Spreading the message of Islam. "The (true) believers are only those who believe in Allah and his messenger and afterward doubt not, but strive with their wealth and their selves for the cause of Allah. Such are the truthful." (Quran, 49:15)

He further stated jihad has a verbal level:

To strive for justice through words and non-violent actions. Muhammad encouraged Muslims to demand justice in the name of Allah. When asked: "'What kind of jihad is better?' Muhammad replied, 'A word of truth in front of an oppressive ruler!'"‘  According to the Institute of Islamic Information and Education: "The life of the Prophet Muhammad was full of striving to gain the freedom to inform and convey the message of Islam. During his stay in Makkah [Mecca] he used non-violent methods and after the establishment of his government in Madinah [Medina], by the permission of Allah, he used armed struggle against his enemies whenever he found it inevitable."

He final says jihad has a physical level:

This relates to the use of physical force in defense of Muslims against oppression and transgression by the enemies of Allah, Islam and Muslims. Allah commands that Muslims lead peaceful lives and not transgress against anyone. If they are persecuted and oppressed, the Qur'an recommends that they migrate to a more peaceful and tolerant land: "Lo! Those who believe and those who emigrate (to escape persecution) and strive (Jahadu) in the way of Allah, these have hope of Allah's mercy..." (Quran, 2:218). If relocation is not possible, then Allah also requires Muslims to defend themselves against oppression by "fighting against those who fight against us." The Qur'an states: "To those against whom war is made, permission is given [to defend themselves], because they are wronged - and verily, Allah is Most Powerful to give them victory." (Quran 22:39)

The above references show that both views of jihad are used in Islam. It can also be said from the above references that violence is looked at as the final alternative to resolving issues. It shows that problems should be talked out and if that isn’’t working that one should leave the place where the conflicts are taking place to avoid physical fighting. Then when all else has failed permission has been given to fight in order to protect oneself. Nowhere in the Qur’an or tradition of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is there to be found any passage that makes it okay for a Muslim to be aggressive against any other human being. The Qur’an urges Muslims to fight against the oppressions and transgressions from the enemies of Islam and it warns the Muslims not to transgress the limits of others, ‘And fight in the way of Allah those who fight with you, and do not exceed the limits, surely Allah does not love those who exceed the limits’. (Quran 2:190)

Ayatollah Aga Pooya in his commentary of this verse says:

. Islam promotes peace, order and harmony in the human society and keeps man on the right path. When the enemies of Islam found that the light of this message was sweeping darkness from every corner, the disbelievers vowed to annihilate it. It was only then that, no recourse being left for the believers, they had to resolutely take up the sword in defense. Verses 39 and 40 of al Hajj also give permission to fight when any people is wronged, oppressed and persecuted.

If Numbers 25: 1 to 3 and 31: 7 to 18 in the Old Testament are read carefully one comes to the conclusion that when the Israelites, in Shitim, began to worship the gods of Moab the Lord God asked Moses to "take all the leaders of the people and hurl them down to their death before the Lord."

And they made war on Midians as the Lord has commanded Moses, and slew all the men. The Israelites took captive the Madianite women and children, and carried off all their cattle, their flocks and their property. They burnt all their cities. Moses asked them to kill every male child and every women who has had intercourse with a man.

So in the way of Allah, the prophets were commanded to put an end to the activities of the disbelievers who wanted to destroy the true devotees of Allah in order to stop the advancement and progress of the religion of Allah. The Quran commands the Muslims not to exceed the limits but to fight evil until its power base is dislodged, and if the kafirs (non believers) desist then to show mercy. Compared to what the other prophets did, as commanded by Allah, to destroy the unbelievers, the role assigned to the Holy Prophet as the "mercy unto the worlds" was the most benign of all the campaigns undertaken by His messengers to liberate mankind from the clutches of the enemies of Allah. He fought and killed the enemy whenever war was imposed on him.

Here Pooya shows how other Prophets (pbut) killed their enemies and how Muhammad was told to desist killing the enemy if they stopped fighting.

In conclusion Islam is growing about 2.9% per year which is faster than the total world population which increases at about 2.3% annually. It is thus attracting a progressively larger percentage of the world's population4. This is happening despite the overwhelming negative reports given by the media. According to aimpress.com, ‘6.4% of the world's population is converting to Moslem every year.’ They aren’’t converting to Moslem they are converting to Islam. The Middle East Media Research Institute reported that after 9/11, 34,000 Americans converted to Islam. In an article written in the New York Times October 2001 says, ‘One expert estimates that 25,000 people a year become Muslims in this country; some clerics say they have seen conversion rates quadruple since Sept. 11. With people entering the religion of Islam in such great numbers, reason must dictate that the Holy war that is being waged has to be one of the intellect and not of weapons. More people are asking about Islam and the answers they are finding are that Islam appeals to them and they are converting. Most people want peace and statistics show that more people are moving toward Islam which incidentally means peace. This shows that although jihad means Holy war more people believe that it is the struggle of each individual to please his maker. Again both views of jihad are present in Islam but as the Prophet Muhammad has said,’ The best jihad [struggle] is (by) the one who strives against his own self for Allah, The Mighty and Majestic."

Works Cited

Growth of Islam; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

Holy Bible: New World Translation

Karen Armstrong, "Muhammed: A biography of the Prophet," Harper San Francisco, (1993).

Mir Ahmed Ali, Translation of the Holy Qur’an

Dr. Bashir Datoo, ‘Perspectives on Islamic Faith and History’ (2007) Page 49

Ayatullah Ja'far Subhani, ‘The Message’ Islamic Seminary Publications Karachi, Pakistan Chapter 2 Arabia before Islam

George Jordac, ‘Voice of Human Justice’ Lebanon (1956). Online http://www.geocities.com/ahlulbayt14/ali4.html excerpts from ‘Voice of Human Justice’

"Save a Life, Save All Humanity--Take a Life, Kill All Humanity: What the Islamic scriptures really say about jihad and violence," Beliefnet, at: http://www.beliefnet.com/story/

Multi-lingual Qur’an, http://al-islam.org/quran/ Pooya Commentary on 2:190

Muslim population, http://muslim-canada.org/muslimstats.html

What America needs to know about Islam, aimpress.com

Islam in America Post 911, Middle East Media Research Institute (2001)

The rise of Islam in America, New York Times October 2001


Source: http://www.almujtaba.com

 

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Quran Index (A to Z)

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Islamic Articles - Holy Quran

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A

Aaron, 4:163, 6:84, 7:122, 7:142, 7:150, 7:172, 10:75,
19:53, 20:30, 20:40, 20:90, 20:92, 21:48, 23:45, 25:35,
26:12, 26:48, 28:34, 37:114-120
House of, 2:248

Ablution, 4:43, 5:6
circumstances requiring, 4:43
Abraham, 1:124-129, 2:130-132, 2:135, 2:136, 2:140, 2:258,
2:260, 3:65, 3:67-68, 3:84, 3:95, 3:97, 4:54-55, 4:125,
4:163, 6:74-83, 6:161, 9:70, 9:114, 11:69-76, 12:6, 12:38,
14:35, 15:51-56, 16:120, 16:123, 19:41-49, 19:58, 21:51-73,
22:26, 22:43, 22:78, 26:69, 29:16, 29:25, 29:31, 33:7,
37:83-109, 38:45, 42:13, 43:26, 51:24-34, 53:37, 57:26,
60:4-5, 87:19
neither Jew nor Christian, 3:67
stood in first temple of Bakkah, 3:97, 26:123
Abrogation, 2;106, 16:101
Abu Lahab (Abd al-Uzza), 111:1-3
his wife, 111:4-5
Acacia flowers, 56:26
Ad, 7:65, 7:74, 9:70, 11:50-60, 22:42, 25:38, 26:123:140,
29:38, 38:12, 41:15-16 46:21-26, 50:13, 51:41, 53:50,
54:18-21, 69:4, 69:6, 89:6
Adam, 2:31-32, 3:33, 5:27, 7:19-25, 17:61, 17:70, 18:50,
19:58, 20:115-123, 40:31, 41:13, 41:15
angels to prostrate before, 2:34, 7:11
tree of knowledge, 2:35, 7:19, 20:120-121
banishment from Garden (no blame to Eve), 2:36, 7:24
Adultery (see Marriage)
Adversity
not burdened beyond capability to withstand, 2:286, 6:152, 7:42, 23:62
not burdened with another’s burden, 6:164, 17:15, 35:18, 39:7, 53:38
patience during, 2:153, 2;155, 2:177, 2:250, 3:17, 3:125, 3:142, 3:146,
3:186, 3:200, 7:87, 7:126, 7:128, 7:137, 8:46, 8:66, 10:109, 11:11, 11:49, 11:115,
12:18, 12:83, 12:90, 13:22, 16:96, 16:110, 16:126, 21:85, 22:35,
23:111, 28:54, 29:59, 30:60, 31:17, 31:31, 37:102, 38:44,
39:10, 40:55, 40:77, 41:35, 42:33, 46:35, 47:31, 70:5, 76:12, 90:17, 103:3
Aging, 16:70, 22:5, 30:54, 36:68
behavior towards aging parents in your care, 17:23
Ahmad, 61:6
Al Rass, 25:38, 50:13
Alcohol (see Intoxicants)
Allah
a day for Him is
a thousand human years, 22:47, 32:5
fifty thousand years, 70:4
ability to do anything, 2:106, 2:117, 3:165, 3:189, 8:41, 9:116, 11:4, 16:40,
40:68, 41:39, 42:49, 57:2
best of all judges, 95:8
beyond definition, 43:82, 67:12
brings disbeliever’s schemes to naught, 8:30, 8:36
cause human beings to disappear and bring forth other
beings, 4:133, 14:19, 35:16
causes laughter and crying, 53:43
caused a man to sleep for a century, 2:259
enemy of those who deny the truth, 2:98
extol his glory from morning until night, 33:42
false daughters of, 16:57, 17:40, 43:16, 52:39,53:21-22
by name, 53:19-20
gives humans free will, 36:67
giving it all up for him, 4:66-68, 4:125
good and evil are from Him, 4:78
grants life and death, 44:8, 53:44, 57:2, 67:2
hard strivers rewarded better, 4:95-96, 5:54, 9:120, 49:15, 61:11
has no consort, 72:3
has no son, 43:81, 72:3, 112:3
has not forsaken you during your hard times, 93:3
is everywhere, 2:115, 2:142, 2:177, 4:126
is the
First and the Last (alpha and omega), 57:3
Outward and Inward, 57:3
knows that beyond comprehension, 6:59, 6:73, 9:94, 9:105, 13:9,
32:6, 34:48, 35:38, 39:46, 49:18, 59:22, 62:8, 64:18, 72:26, 74:31, 87:7
loves those who behave equitably, 49:9
made no laws regarding that of which He didn’t speak,
5:101, 6:140, 6:148, 7:32
mercy towards prisoners of war who have good in them, 8:70
nature of, 2:255
no human is a divinity, 3:64, 3:151
not a trinity, 4:171
refuge from evil with, 113:1-5, 114:1-6
remembering him standing, sitting, lying down, 3:191, 4:103, 10:12, 25:64
shapes you in the wombs, 3:6
thrones rest upon the water, 11:7
will create things of which you have no knowledge, 16:8
wills no wrong to His creation, 3:108, 4:40, 17:71, 21:47, 22:10, 26:209,
40:31, 41:46, 45:22, 50:29, 64:11
Alliances, 8:72, 9:7
Christians and Jews, 5:51
forbidden with disbelieving kin, 9:23
forbidden with hypocrites, 4:88-89, 4:139, 4:144
Angels, 2:30-34, 2:98, 2:285, 4:97, 8:50, 13:23, 21:108,
22:75, 25:22, 25:25, 32:11, 33:43, 33:56, 34:40, 35:1,
37:150, 38:71, 39:75, 41:14, 41:30, 42:5, 43:53, 43:60,
47:27, 53:26, 66:4, 66:6, 66:6, 69:17, 70:4, 89:22, 97:4
created from fire, 7:12, 38:76
eight will bear Allah’s throne aloft in Judgment, 69:17
false claim that they are female, 43:19, 53:27
“guardian”, 82:10-12, 86:4
nineteen lord over hell, 74:30-31
not sent to satisfy whims, 15:7-8
sent to inspire, 16:2
Anger
withhold, 3:134
Ants, 27:18
Apes, 5:60
despicable, 2:65, 7:166
Apostasy, 3:72, 3:86-88, 3:90-91, 3:167, 4:137, 5:54, 9:74,
9:107, 16:106, 33:14
do not ask for speedy doom for apostates, 46:35
Allah alone will punish them, 73:11, 74:11
punishment in the hereafter, 2:217, 9:74
rejection by others, 3:87
repentance, 3:89, 5:34, 9:5, 9:11
on Judgment Day is too late, 40:85
under duress, 16:106
Arguments/Attacks
respond in kind, 8:58, 16:126
being patient is far better, 16:126
Ark (see Noah)
Armor, 16:81
Astronomy
celestial mechanics, 7:54, 22:65
moon, 10:5, 16:12, 21:33, 22:18, 25:61, 29:61,
41:37, 54:1, 71:16, 74:32, 84:18, 91:2
solar and lunar orbits, 6:96, 10:5, 13:2, 14:33,
21:33, 31:29, 35:13, 36:38-40, 39:5, 55:5
sun, 10:5, 16:12, 21:33, 22:18, 25:45, 25:61,
29:61, 41:37, 71;16, 78:13, 81:1, 91:1
celestial navigation, 6:97, 16:16
constellations, 15:16, 25:61, 85:1
motion of objects in the Universe, 35:41, 44:39, 45:22,
46:3, 64:3, 86:11
objects impacting Earth, 34:9
planets, 81:16
Sirius (Alpha Canis Major), 53:49
stars, 22:18, 37:88, 51:7, 79:1, 81:2, 86:3
neighborhood of Earth populated by, 37:6, 41:12, 67:5
proper motion of, 79:2-4
revolving, 81:15
sunrise, 37:5, 55:17, 70:40
sunset, 55:17, 70:40, 84:16
Atoms (perhaps meant as “ants” originally?), 10:61, 34:3, 34:22, 99:7-8
Azar, 6:74




B

Baal, 37:125
Badr, 8:42
Bakkah
first temple, 3:96
Beasts, 6:38, 22:18, 25:49, 36:71, 42:11, 43:12, 45:4
Bedouin, 9:90-99, 9:101:106, 33:20, 48:11, 48:16, 49:14
Bees, 16:68
Behavior
argue in a kindly manner with those given earlier
revelation, 16:125, 29:46
avoid becoming involved in matters you know nothing of, 17:36
avoid grave sins and shameful deeds, 53:32
avoid guesswork about one another, 49:12
be just in your opinions, 6:152
community should be moderate, 2:143, 25:67
conceit discouraged, 4:36, 57:23
don’t chide those who seek your help, 93:10
don’t consider yourself pure, 53:32
don’t deride others, 49:11, 104:1
don’t mention evil things openly, 4:148
don’t speak ill of each other, 49:12, 104:1
don’t spy on each other, 49:12
each group given a law and way of life, 2:148, 5:48,
10:47, 10:74, 13:38, 16:36, 16:63, 16:84
and a prophet, 10:47, 16:36
and a way of worship, 22:67
Allah could have made them one community, 5:48, 11:118, 16:93, 42:8
one community under Allah, 21:92
forgive Jews who distort the Qur’an, 5:13
forgive non-believers, 31:15, 45:14
forgive readily, 42:37
maligning believers is sinful, 33:58
men (toward women), 24:30
peacemakers rewarded, 42:40
rulers make decisions after consultation, 42:38
speak justly toward those in want, if you can do
nothing else, 17:28
towards aging parents in your care, 17:23
towards other Muslims, 33:6
towards others, 17:26-29, 17:35, 17:53, 60:8
towards parents, 46:15
towards slaves, 4:36, 24:33
treat non-belligerent non-believers with equity, 60:8
wife of the Prophet, 33:28-34
women (toward men), 24:31
Belief
in all revelation, 2:136, 2:285
nature of, 49:14-15
Believers, 2:2-5, 2:285, 8:2-4, 8:24
Bible, 5:64, 5:65, 5:68
distortion of, 3:78, 5:14-15
Biology
living things made of water?, 11:7, 21:30, 24:45, 25:54
Birds, 6:38, 16:79, 21:41, 27:16, 27:17, 27:20, 34:10, 38:19, 67:19
Borders (jurisdictional boundaries), 8:72
Botany, 13:4, 39:21
two sexes to every plant, 13:3
Booty, 48:15, 59:6-7
enjoy that which is lawful and good, 8:69
must not benefit those already rich, 59;7
one fifth goes for charity, 8:41
Builders, 38:37
Burden (see Adversity)
Burial
indirect reference to?, 5:31
Business
be fair in dealings, 6:152, 17:35
Byzantine, 30:2-4




C

Cain and Abel, 5:27-31
Calendar
lunar, 2:189, 10:5
correctness of, 9:37
disbeliever’s tamper with annual
intercalation, 9:37
Canaan, 5:12
Cattle, 16:5-7, 16:66, 22:28, 23:21, 39:6, 47:12
Captives, 8:67, 8:70
Charity, 2:43, 2:110, 2:177, 2:262-264, 2:271-274, 2:277,
3:92, 3:134, 4:39, 5:12, 5:55, 9:5, 9:18, 9:60, 9:71, 9:121,
21:73, 22:41, 22:78, 24:37, 27:3, 30:38-39, 31:4, 36:47,
41:7, 47:36-38, 51:19, 52:40, 57:7, 57:10-12, 63:10,
64:16-17, 73:20, 76:8, 92:18, 98:5, 107:7
during consultation with the Prophet, 58:12-13
during the Hajj, 22:36
niggardliness, 3:180, 4:37, 25:67, 47:37, 57:24, 92:8
not payment for favors received, 92:19
precedence of spending, 2:215, 2:219
sharing food, 24:61, 89:18, 107:3
spending to earn praise forbidden, 4:38
those displeased with distribution of, 9:58, 9:76
towards slaves, 16:71
Chastity, 23:5, 24:33, 70:29
Children, 16:72, 17:64, 18:46, 19:77, 26:133, 34:35, 34:37,
40:67, 46:15, 57:20, 58:17, 63:9, 64:14, 64:14, 65:7, 68:14,
71:12, 71:22, 74:13, 80:36
adopted ones should be named after their fathers, 33;5
baby daughters wrongly thought an evil sign, 16:58-59, 43:18, 53:21-22
breast feed for two years, 2:233, 31:34
do not kill for fear of poverty, 6:151, 17:31
female offspring buried alive will ask for what crime
she’d been slain, 81:8-9
gift of female offspring, 42:49
gift of male offspring, 42:49
helpless, 4:127
ignorant at time of birth, 16:78
in Heaven, 40:8, 52:24, 56:17
of Adam, 36:60
of Israel, 2:40, 2:47, 2:72, 3:180, 5:12, 5:70, 5:78,
7:105, 10:90, 17:2, 17:4, 17:101, 17:104, 20:47, 20:80,
20:94, 26:17, 26:22, 26:59, 26:197, 27:76, 32:23, 40:53,
43:59, 44:30, 45:16, 46:10, 61:6, 61:14
commandment concerning killing by, 5:32
pre-Islamic customs of slaying children, 6:137, 6:140
wet nurses, 2:233
Christians, 5:14, 5:19, 5:64-65, 5:69, 22:17
and Jews (see Jews)
asked not to deify Jesus, 4:171
come closest to feeling affection to Muslims, 5:82
must have forgotten what they’ve been told to bear in
mind, 5:14
now comes to you a messenger, 5:15, 5:19
righteous will be rewarded, 2:62, 5:65,5;69
say “Jesus is Allah’s son”, 9:30
Churches, 22:40
Clothing, 7:26, 16:81
of fire, 22:19
“the veil” or women’s clothing is non-household
situations, 24:31
women’s outer garments prevent harassment by
hypocrites, 33:59-60
Commandments
general religious, 2;42-45, 2:83, 2:110, 2:177,
3;113-114, 3:134, 5:12, 5:55, 6:151-153, 7:33, 7:156, 8:3,
9:18, 9:20, 9:86, 9:112, 10:87, 10:93, 13:22, 14:31, 16:90,
16:110, 22:41, 22:78, 24:57, 25:68, 26:181-184, 26:227,
31:3-4, 31:14-19, 35:29, 42:36-43, 58:13, 73:20, 90:13-17,
98:5
kindness towards others, 4:36
leave company of those in the act of mocking Allah’s
law, 4:140, 6:68
Communications (attempting to divine the future is
forbidden) overhearing the Host on high, 15:18, 37:8, 72:9
Conservation, 6:141, 7:31
Contract Law
contract must be in writing, 2:282
during journey a person’s “word” is acceptable, 2:282
when things go wrong don’t punish scribe or witness, 2:282
witnesses told to be truthful, 2:283, 5:8, 25:72
witnessing (two men, or one man and two women), 2:282
Corruption, 5:32, 8:73, 30:41
Cosmology
age of the Universe, 76:1
expanding Universe, 51:47
The Big Bang, 21:30
Covenants, 5:1
breaking of (see also Oaths), 8:58
with disbelievers, 8:56, 8:72, 9:4, 9:7
breaking of, 8:58, 9:12
Creation of everything
in due measure and proportion, 54:49
Creatures, 6:38, 42:47, 42:49
Crystal, 76:15-16
Customs
used but not given as reliable traditions or Qur’anic
injunctions, 2:170, 5:3, 5:104, 6:138




D

Danger
be prepared for, 4:71
Date palms, 36:34, 50:10, 55:11, 55:68, 59:5, 80:29
Dates, 50:10
David, 4:163, 5:78, 6:84, 17:55, 21:78, 21:79, 27:15-16,
34:10, 34:13, 38:21-26, 38:30
and Bath Sheba, 38:23
and Goliath, 2:251
given the Psalms, 4:163
Death, 3:185, 3:193, 4:78, 21:35, 33:19, 33:23, 44:56,
47:27, 56:60, 56:84-87, 63:10, 75:29
and flight from battle, 33:16
in Allah’s cause, 3:195, 22:58, 47:4
those communities who have no revelation will not be
destroyed, 6:131, 9:115, 10:47, 11:117, 15:4, 16:119, 17:15, 28:59
those slain in Allah’s cause are alive, 2:154, 3:169
while fleeing evil towards Allah, 4:100
Deities
none besides Allah, 25:68
Disbelievers (see also Hypocrites)
ask Muhammad to invoke Allah’s wrath upon them as
proof, 6:57-58, 8:32, 10:49-52
bear their company in kindness, 31:15
bear what they say in patience, 20:130, 50:39
covenants with, 8:56, 8:72, 9:4, 9:7
breaking of, 8:58, 9:12
Allah brings their scheming to naught, 8:30, 8:36
leave company of those in the act of mocking Allah’s
law, 4:140, 6:68
protect them if they ask you to, 9:6
punishment
during war, 8:12, 8:50, 8:59
in the hereafter, 8:37
should not visit or take care of mosque, 9:17
speak kindly to them, 17:53
striving hard against, 9:73, 25:52, 66:9
treat non-belligerents with equity, 60:8
will only ally with other disbelievers, 8:72
Disciples (of Jesus), 3:52, 61:14
Divers, 38:37
Diversity
of humans, 30:22, 35:27-28
of life, 35:27-28
Divorce, 4:130, 65:1
after waiting period, dissolve or reconcile, 2:231, 65:2
two witnesses, 65:2
alimony, 2:233, 2:241
extends to ex-husband’s heir, 2:233
can be revoked twice, 2:229
dowry status, 2:229, 2:236-237
find wet-nurse if necessary, 65:6
Man divorce one woman for another - don’t take back
what you gave first, 4:20
don’t harass wife, 65:6
don’t hold wives against their will, 4:19
four months to change his mind, 2:226
support wife fully
during her pregnancy, 65:6
during her waiting period, 65:6
if she’s nursing your child, 65:6
mother shouldn’t suffer because of her fatherless child, 2:233
pre-Islamic, 58:2
contrition to reconcile fast for 2 consecutive months, 58:4
feed 60 needy people, 58:4
free a slave, 58:3
reconciliation attempt, 4:35
sinless if marriage unconsummated, 2:236
bride entitled to half of the dowry, 2:237
Woman after third divorce (this one from another husband) can return to
original husband, 2:229
entitled to maintenance, 2:241, 65:1
equal right to divorce, 2:228
fear ill treatment by husband, 4:128
may keep what her husband gave her, 2:229
not to be expelled from their homes, 65:1
three menstruation wait to disprove pregnancy, 2:228
three month wait for those free of menstruation, 65:4
unless marriage unconsummated, 33:49
Dogs, 7:176
Donkeys, 16:8, 31:19
Drugs (see Intoxicants)




E

Earth, 51:20, 51:48, 91:6
change into another earth, 14:48
creation of, 3:190, 79:30
in six “days”, 7:54, 10:3, 11:7, 25:59, 50:38, 57;4
in two “days”, 41;9
the rest in the other four, 41:10
inclination of rotational axis to orbital plane, 22:61, 57:6
rotation of, 3:190, 7:54, 10:6, 13:3, 14:33, 25:62,
39:5, 41:37, 45:5
Earthquake, 7:78, 7:91, 7:155, 7:171, 16:26, 17:37, 17:68,
29:37, 34:9, 67:16, 69:5, 99:1
Elephant, 105:1
Elijah, 6:85, 37:123-130
Elisha, 6:86, 38:48
Embryology, 22:5, 23:14, 35:11, 40:67, 75:37-39
Evolution (?), 71:14, 71:18
Ezra, 9:30




F


Family, 8:75
Fasting, 2:183-184
during the Hajj, 2:196
during Ramadhan, 2:185
exemptions, 2:184-185
hours of, 2:187
Fig, 95:1
Fighting, 9:14, 9:123, 22:39, 47:4, 48:16
aggression
forbidden, 2:190, 4:90, 60:8
sin of, 5:2
be brave, 4:104
between two groups of believers, 49:9
do not acquire slaves except through war, 8:67
do not beg for peace, 47:35
exemptions, 9:122, 48:17
asking for it for wrong reasons, 9:43, 9:45, 9:49, 9:86, 9:93
for helpless, 4:98, 9:91
for ill, 4:102, 9:91
if foes cease, then you must cease, 2:193, 4:90, 8:37, 8:61
forbidden during the four sacred months, 9:36
unless attacked, 2:194, 2:217
free slaves after fighting ends, 47:4
go forth humbly, 8:47
in Allah’s cause, 4:74, 4:77, 4:84, 9:38-39, 9:41
killing only during hostilities in progress, 2:191, 4:89, 4:91, 5:33  8:39,
8:57, 9:5, 9:12
not for material gain, 4:94
prepare well, 8:60
repentance of recent belligerents, 5:34, 9:5, 9:11
when ordained, 2:190-193, 2:216-217, 4:91, 22:39, 60:8
Fire, 56:71, 100:2
Food (see also Health rules), 3:93, 35:12, 40:79, 80:24
blessing of, 6:118, 6:138
forbidden, 2:173, 5:3, 6:121, 6:145, 16:115
lawful, 2:168, 5:4, 6:118, 6:146
Forgetting, 17:86, 18:24, 87:6-7
Fornication (see Marriage)
Friends, 8:72
avoid active disbelievers, 3:118-120, 5:57, 15:94,
58:14, 60:1, 60:13
leave company of those in the act of mocking Allah’s
law, 4:140, 6:68
forbidden are those who fight against you because of
your religion, 60:9
Future
learning of it through divination forbidden, 5:3, 5:90,
15:18, 37:8, 72:9




G

Gabriel, 2:97, 66:4
Games of Chance
forbidden, 2:219, 5:20, 5:91
Geographic locations and History
As-Safa and Al-Marwah, 2:158
first temple at Bakkah, 3:96
Ginger, 76:12
Goddesses of pagan Arabs, 53:19
names of, 53:19-20
nature of, 53:19-28
Gods of pre-Islamic Arabs by name, 71:23
Gog and Magog, 21:96
Gold, 35:33, 43:35, 43:71, 56:15
Golden armlets, 43:53
Golden Calf, 2:51, 2:54, 4:153, 7:148, 7:152, 20:88
and thunderbolt or punishment, 2:55
forgiven after destruction of, 2:36-37
Goliath, 2:249
and David, 2:251
Gospel, 3:3, 3:65, 5:46-47, 5:66, 5:68, 5:77, 5:110, 7:157,
9:111, 48:29, 57:27
Government
decision making in public matters, 3:159
rulers make decisions after consultations, 42:38
Grain, 36:33, 55:12
Grave, 9:84, 22:7, 35:22, 36:51, 54:7, 60:13, 70:43, 77:26,
80:21, 82:4, 100:9, 102:2
Greed (see Materialism)
Greetings, 4:86
Guardianship
proper conduct of, 4:5-6, 6:151
punishment for bad ones, 4:10
when to end it, 4:6
witnesses required to end it, 4:6




H

Hagar and Ishmael, 2:158
Hajj, 2:158, 2:189, 2:196-199, 22:27-36
abstention from quarreling during, 2:197
duty to visit Mecca (Makkah), 3:97
exemption from, 2:196
hunting forbidden, 5:1, 5:94-95
violate it once?  Don’t do it twice!, 5:95
reparations for doing it once, 5:95
rules, 5:2
sacrifice during, 2:196
Haman, 28:6, 28:8, 28:38, 29:39, 40:24, 40:36
Harut and Marut, 2:102
Health rules, 41:44
children
breast feed for two years, 2:233, 31:34
food, 2:173, 5:1, 5:3, 5:5, 5:96, 6:118-119, 6:121,
6:142, 6:145-146, 16:115
caught by your hunting animals, 5:4
intoxicants forbidden (see Intoxicants)
menstruation, 2:222
Hearing, 41:22
Heaven, 2:25, 3:15, 3:136, 3:181, 3:195, 3:198
filled with mighty guards and flames, 72:8
immortal youths in, 56:17, 76:19
parents united with offspring, 52:21, 56:36
pure spouses in, 2:25, 3:15
several, 2:29, 2:164, 3:129, 6:73, 6;101, 17:44, 55:30,
65:12, 67:3, 71:15, 78:12
virgin mates of modest gaze, 55:56, 55:72-74, 56:22
Hell (the fire, the blazing flames), 2:24, 2:119, 2:161,
2:166, 2:201, 3:10, 3:12, 3:116, 3:131, 3:151, 3:162, 3:192,
4:55-56, 4:93, 4:97, 4:114, 4:121, 4:169, 5:10, 5:37, 5:72,
5:86, 6:27, 6:70, 6:128, 7:18, 7:36, 7:38, 7:41, 7:50,
7:179, 8:16, 8:36, 8:50, 9:17, 9:35, 9:49, 9:63, 9:68, 9:73,
9:81, 9:95, 9:109, 9:113, 10:8, 10:27, 11:16, 11:17, 11:98,
11:106, 11:113, 11:119, 13:5, 13:18, 13:35, 14:16, 14:49,
15:43, 16:29, 16:62, 17:8, 17:18, 17:39, 17:63, 17:97,
18:29, 18:53, 18:100, 18:106, 19:68, 19:70, 19:86, 20:74,
21:39, 21:98, 22:4, 22:9, 22:19-22, 22:51, 22:72,
23:103-104, 24:57, 25:11-13, 25:34, 25:65, 26;91, 26:94,
27:90, 28:41, 29:25, 29:54, 29:68, 31:21, 32:13, 32:20,
33:64, 33:66, 34:12, 34:42, , 35:6, 35:36, 36:63, 37:10,
37:23, 37:55, 37:63, 37:68, 37:163, 38:27, 38:56, 38:59,
38:61, 38:64, 38:85, 39:8, 39:16, 39:19, 39:32, 39:60,
39:71, 39:72, 40:6, 40:7, 40:41, 40:43, 40:46, 40:47, 40:49,
40:60, 40:72, 40:76, 41:19, 41:24, 41:28, 41:40, 42:7,
43:74, 44:47, 44:56, 45:10, 45:34, 45:35, 46:20, 46:34,
47:12, 47:15, 48:6, 48:13, 50:24, 50:30, 51:13, 52:13-16,
52:18, 54:48, 55:43, 56:94, 57:15, 57:19, 58:8, 58:17, 59:3,
59:17, 59:20, 64:10, 66:6, 66:9, 66:10, 67:5-10, 69:31,
70:15, 71:15, 72:15, 72:23, 73:12-13, 74:26-31, 74:42, 76:4,
77:31, 78:21, 79:36, 79:39, 81:12, 82:14, 83:16, 84:12,
85:10, 87:12, 88:4, 89:23, 90:20, 92:14, 98:6, 101:9-11,
102:6,   104:6-9, 111:3
burning of despair and ice cold darkness, 38:57
chain of 70 cubits, 69:32
inmates will neither die nor remain alive, 87:13
stay for a limited duration, 78:23
History
study it, 3:137, 12:110-111, 14:5
Homosexuality
regarded as evil, 26:165-166, 27:55, 29:28-29
Honey, 16:69, 47:15
Horses, 16:8, 17:64
Housing, 16:80
Hud, 7:65-72, 11:50-57, 11:89, 26:124-138, 46:21-25
Humankind, 55:33, 91:7-8
born with a restless disposition, 70:19
created in fine form, 95:4
created in pairs, 787:8, 92:3
creation of, 2:30, 4:1, 6:98, 7:189, 10:4, 15:26,
15:28, 15:33, 39:6, 71:14, 96:2
from a drop of sperm, 16:4, 18:37, 22:5, 23:13,
35:11, 36:77, 40:67, 53:46, 75:37, 76:2, 80:19,
from clay, 6:2, 7:12, 15:26, 17:61, 23:12, 32:7,
38:71, 38:76, 55:14,
with water, 37:11
from dark transmuted slime, 15:26, 15:28, 15:33
from dust, 3:59, 18:37, 22:5, 30:20, 35:11, 40:67,
53:32
from earth, 11:61
from seminal fluid, 86:6
from male and female, 49:13
diversity in, 30:22, 35:28
given free will, 36:67
grows gradually from the earth, 71:17
insignificant compared to the Universe, 40:57
mates of your own kind, 16:72, 30:21, 42:11
selfishness ever present in soul, 4:128
vilest are those who don’t use reason, 8:22, 8:55
Hunayn, 9:25
Hunting
about animals trained to hunt, 5:4
Hur’in, (a:k:a:  Houries), 44:54, 52:20, 55:72, 56:22
Hydrology, 14:32, 16:15, 39:21
scum, 13:17
Hypocrites, 2:217, 4:38, 5:61, 9:61-70, 9:73-110
praying for them does no good, 9:84, 9:113




I

Iblis (Satan), 2:34, 3:155, 3:175, 4:38, 4:60, 4:76, 4:116,
4:119-120, 4:140, 4:145, 5:90, 5:91, 6:38, 6:43, 6:68,
7:11-12, 7:20, 7:21, 7:27, 7:175, 7:200, 7:201, 8:11, 8:48,
12:5, 12:42, 12:100, 14:22, 15:31-40, 16:63, 16:98, 17:27,
17:53, 17:61, 17:64, 18:50, 18:63, 19:44, 19:45, 20:116,
20:120, 22:52, 22:53, 24:21, 25:29, 26:95, 27:24, 28:15,
29:38, 31:21, 34:20-21, 35:6, 36:60, 37:65, 38:41, 38:74-85,
41:36, 43:62, 47:25, 58:10, 58:19, 59:16
Idolatry
forbidden, 5:90, 6:145
Idris, 19:56-57, 21:85
Immorality
punish both, 4:15
repentance cancels punishment, 4:15
deathbed repentance excluded, 4:18
women, 4:15
four witnesses required in order to “convict”, 4:15
Impostors
religious, 2:78
punishment for, 2:78
Imran House of, 3:33
In sha’ Allah, 18:23
Inheritance, 2:180, 4:176, 89:19
apportionment to
children and parents, 4:11
other kin, orphans, and the needy, 4:8
siblings, 4:12
widows and widowers, 4:12
don’t hold unloved wives for, 4:19
for men, 4:7
for women, 4:7
summary, 4:33
Interest on loans (see Usury)
Intoxicants, 16:67
don’t pray while drunk, 4:43
forbidden except in dire circumstances, 2:219, 5:90, 5:91
Iram, 89:7-8
Iron, 57:25
Isaac, 2:136, 2:140, 3:84, 4:163, 6:84, 11:71, 12:5, 12:6,
12:38, 14:39, 21:72, 37:112-113, 38:445
Ishmael, 2:136, 2:140, 3:84, 4:163, 6:86, 14:39, 21:85,
37:102-109, 38:48
and Hagar, 2:158




J

Jacob ((Israel), 3:84, 4:163, 6:84, 6:85, 11:71, 12:38,
12:68, 19:6, 19:49-50, 19:58, 21:72
Jesus, 4:163, 9:30, 9:31, 10:68, 19:30-34, 21:91, 23:50,
33:7, 61:6, 61:14
bear witness on Resurrection Day, 4:159
Christians asked not to deify, 4:171
creation of, 3:45-49, 19:22
disciples, 3:52, 61:14
divergent views about, 43:65
followers above others on Resurrection day, 3:55
healing of blind and lepers, raising the dead, 5:110
his holy inspiration, 2:87, 2:252, 5:110
his nature is as Adam’s, 3:59
is the means to know Judgment Day (alternate
translation), 43:61
Jews boast of killing, 4:157
not Allah, 5:17, 5:72, 5:116
only a messenger, 4:171, 4:172, 5:75, 19:30
only seemed slain and crucified, 4:157
resurrected, 4:158
resurrection foretold, 3:55, 19:33
truth about him will be realized when people die, 4:159
Jews, 5:69, 22:17
and Christians, 2:120, 2:139, 3:75, 5:68
messenger comes to them, 5:32
enmity and hatred among them, 5:64
fights between, 2:113
food restrictions, 6:146
have no rights to claim Allah’s bounty
exclusively, 57:29
heaven not only for them, 2:111
say they are “Allah’s Children”, 5:18
believe in but few things, 4:155
claim that they alone are close to Allah, 2:94, 62:6
denied good things of life, 4:160
reasons for, 4:161
foods which are forbidden for, 6:146
good deeds of ancestors don’t count, 2:136
hurting themselves by their misinterpretations, 5:64
mistaken to believe in their own revelations only, 2:91
most have forgotten what they’ve been told to bear in
mind, 5:13
most hostile to Muslims, 5:82
ransoming each other during the Prophet’s life, 2:85
religious commandments, 2:43, 2:84-85, 5:32
retribution given in the Torah, 5:45
righteous will be rewarded, 2:62, 5:65, 5:69
say “Ezra is Allah’s Son”, 9:30
say “Our hearts are full of knowledge”, 2:88, 4:155
slaying prophets, 2:61, 3:21, 3:112, 3:181, 3:183,
4:155, 4:157, 5:70
some distort meaning of all revelations, 4:46, 5:13, 5:41
forgive them, 5:13
warning to, 4:47
Jihad (fighting, striving, struggling, endeavoring) non-believing parents trying to persuade
a believer to polytheism, 29:8, 31:15
striving hard against disbelievers, 9:73, 25:52, 66:9
striving hard in Allah’s cause, 2:218, 3:142, 4:95,
5:35, 5:54, 8:72, 8:74-75, 9:16, 9:19-20, 9:24, 9:44, 9:86,
9:88, 22:78, 29:6, 29:69, 49:15, 60:1, 61:11
Jinn, 6:100, 6:112, 6:128, 6:130, 7:179, 11:119, 15:27,
17:88, 18:50, 27:17, 32:13, 34:12, 34:14, 37:158, 41:25,
41:29, 46:18, 46:29, 51:56, 55:15, 55:33, 55:39, 55:56,
55:74, 72:1, 72:5, 72:6, 114:6
created of fire, 15:27, 55:15
Job, 4:163, 6:84, 21:83, 38:41-44
John the Baptist, 3:38-40, 6:85, 6:86, 19:7-15, 21:90
Jonah, 4:163, 6:56, 10:98, 21:87, 37:139-148, 68:48
Jordan, 2:58
enter humbly, 2:58, 7:161
entry into, 5:21-26
Jews allowed there, not due them, 2:58
Joseph, 6:84, 12:4-101, 12:102, 40:34
attempted seduction of, 12:23
sold to an Egyptian, 12:21
Judgment, 4:58, 5:8, 6:151-152, 37:53, 40:78, 45:21, 50:29,
51:6, 60:10, 69:18, 76:24, 82:9, 95:8
be just, 5:8, 5:42
don’t let hate lead judgment astray, 5:8
Day, 2:123, 2:177, 2:254, 3:9, 3:25, 3:106, 3:114,
4:41, 4:59, 4:136, 5:69, 5:119, 6:15-16, 6:40, 6:128, 7:8,
7:53, 7:187, 9:29, 9:35, 9:44, 9:45, 9:77, 9:99, 10:15,
10:28, 11:3, 11:8, 11:25, 11:84, 11:103, 11:105, 12:107,
14:21, 14:29, 14:30, 14:41, 14:42, 14:44, 14:48, 14:49,
15:36, 15:38, 16:77, 16:84, 16:87, 16:89, 16:111, 17:71,
17:104, 18:99, 18:100, 19:37-39, 19:75, 19:85, 20:15,
20:105-112, 21:49, 21:103-104, 22:2-7, 22:55-56, 24:37,
25:8, 25:11, 26:82, 27:83, 30:12, 30:14, 30:55, 32:14,
33:21, 33:44, 33:63, 33:66, 34:3, 37:20, 38:16, 38:26,
38:53, 39:13, 40:9, 40:27, 40:33, 40:51, 40:59, 42:7, 43:66,
43:83, 43:85, 44:40, 45:27, 45:32, 45:34, 45:35, 47:18,
50:20, 51:12, 52:45, 54:46, 54:48, 56:56, 58:22, 60:6, 64:9,
69:19-37, 70:26, 74:46, 76:7, 77:13-14, 77:38, 78:17,
79:6-14, 81:1-14, 82:15, 83:11, 99:1-8, 101:1
messengers called together, 77:11
are disbelievers really ready for, 10:51-52
repentance them is too late, 40:85
“children’s’ hair turns gray”, 73:17
eart and mountains lifted and crushed, 69:14, 89:21
leveled, 84:3
rived asunder, 50:44
severely shaken, 56:4
will be convulsed and become like a moving
sand-dune, 73:14
flash of fire followed by smoke, 55:35
moon split asunder, 54:1
mountains
like tufts of wool, 70:9, 101:5
scattered like dust, 77:10
shattered, 56:5
vanish, 78:20
will move, 52:10
seas will burst beyond their bounds, 82:3
skies
and clouds will burst apart, 25:25
flung open, 78:19
like molten lead, 70:8
red like burning oil, 55:37
rent asunder, 55:37, 69:16, 73:18, 77:9, 82:1, 84:1
will be rolled up, 21:104
stars effaced, 77:8
scattered, 82:2
three types of souls to judge
those close to Allah, 56:10-11, 56:15-26, 56:88-89
those evil, 56:9, 56:41-55, 56:92-94
those righteous, 56:8, 56:27-38, 56:90-91
use reason, 6:151
verify reports and rumors, 49:6, 49:12




K

Kabah, 2:125-127, 2:191, 2:217, 5:95, 5:97, 8:34, 9:7,
48:25, 48:27, 106:3
creation of, 2:125
enter it with shaved heads or short hair, 48:27
Killing, 18:74, 18:80
another believer inconceivable unless by mistake, 4:92, 48:25
reparations for, 4:92
deliberate killing of believer and punishment, 4:93
don’t, 6:151, 17:33, 25:68
don’t harm those offering peace, 4:90
female children buried alive wil ask for what crime
she’d been killed, 81:8-9
hypocrites will be slain in Medina during the “War of
the Confederates, 33:60-61,
not for material gain, 4:94
only during hostilities in progress, 2:191, 4:89, 4:91,
5:33, 8:39, 8:57, 9:5, 9:12
oppression more awesome than, 2:191, 2:217
punishment for murder and spreading corruption of
Earth, 5:32
retribution, 2:178, 17:33
Knowledge
literacy, 96:1-5
study nature to aquire, 3:190, 6:99, 10:5-6, 13:3-4, 16:10-16
travel to learn, 29:20
Kufr (denial of the truth), 2:108, 3:52, 3:80, 3:167, 3:177,
5:41, 5:61, 9:12, 9:17, 9:23, 9:37, 9:74, 16:106, 49:7




L

Language
diversity in, 30:22
Laws given by Allah and the Prophet, 33:36
Life
attraction of worldly, 3:14
creatures consist mainly of water (see Biology)
diversity, 30:22, 35:27-28
extra-terrestrial, 22:18
is sacred, 17:33
good things made lawful, 5:5, 5:87, 5:88, 5:93, 7:32,
7:157, 16:114, 40:64, 45:16
path toward contentment made easy, 80:20, 87:8, 92:7
Lion, 74:15
Literacy, 96:1-5
Litigants, 38:21-24
Livestock, 40:79
Locusts, 54:7, 105:3
Lot, 6:86, 7:80-84, 11:70, 11:74, 11:77-83, 11:89, 15:59-72,
21:71, 21:74, 22:43, 29:28, 29:32-33, 37:153, 38:13, 50:13,
54:33-39, 66:10
Lote tree, 53:14, 53:16, 56:28
Luqman, 31:13-19




M

Madyan (Midian), 7:85-93, 9:70, 11:84-96, 15:78, 20:40,
22:44, 26:160-173, 26:176, 27:54-57, 28:22-23, 28:45, 29:36, 50:14
Magians, 22:17
Manna, 7:160, 20:80
Marriage, 25:54
adultery, 17:32
evidence required (four witnesses), 24:4
false accusers punishment, 24:4, 24:19, 24:23
forbidden, 17:32, 25:68
if there aren’t four witnesses, 24:6-9
marriage after, 24:3
punishment for, 24:2
appoint arbiter from among you when fearing a breach, 4:35
complaints, 58:1
don’t hold wives against their will, 4:19
dowry, 4:4, 4:19-21, 4:24, 4:25, 5:5, 60:10, 60:11
other mutually agreed arrangements, 4:24
woman may return it. 4:4
forbidden to certain kin, 4:22-24
to non-believers, 2:221, 5:5, 60:10
fornication forbidden, 4:24, 4:25, 4:27, 5:5
if unable, 24:33
if woman fears mistreatment from her husband, 4:128
love and tenderness, 30:21
pologamy, 4:3
restrictions about, 4:3
warning against, 4:129
recline with spouses in Paradise, 36:56, 40:8, 43:70
spouses are raiment for each other, 2:187
to adopted son’s ex-wife is permitted, 33:37
to orphans, 4:3
to single woman only, 4:24
to slave
and among slaves, 24:32
woman if need arises, 4:3, 4:25
better if men don’t marry, 4:25
even is she’s married before being captured, 4:24
punishment only half of free women’s if
immoral, 4:25
to unmarried only, 24:32
Mary, 3:34-37, 3:42-47, 4:156-157, 4:171, 5:17, 5:46, 5:72,
5:78, 5:110, 5:112, 5:114, 5:116, 9:31, 19:16-39, 21:91,
23:50, 33:7, 43:57, 56:27, 61:6, 61:14, 66:12
not a deity, 5:116
Materialism, 9:24, 9:34, 9:55, 9:85, 28:76, 57:20, 63:9,
64:15, 68:14, 71:22, 89:20, 92:11, 100:8, 102:1, 104:2-3,
111:2
and the Prophet’s wives, 33:28
envy forbidden, 4:32, 15:88, 16:90, 20:131
forbidden, 4:29-30, 8:27
greed brings destruction, 102:1-6
punishment for, 4:30
ruining others forbidden, 4:32
squandering, 17:27, 25:67
Mecca, 2:142-150
duty to visit Mecca (Makkah) for the Hajj, 3:97
turn and pray toward, 2:144, 2:149-150
isn’t necessary (Allah is everywhere), 2:115, 2:142, 2:177
valley of, 48:24
Medinah, 9:101, 9:120, 33:60, 63:8
Menstruation, 2:222
Metallurgy, 18:96-97
iron, 57:25
molten copper, 34:2
slag, 13:17
Milk, 16:66, 47:15
Mineralogy, 16:14, 35:12
Mockery
leave company of those in the act of mocking Allah’s
law, 4:140, 6:68
Monastic asceticism
some types criticised, 57:27
Monks
some devour people’s possessions, 9:34
some turn people away from Allah, 9:34
taken as lords by some people, 9:31
Months
four sacred, 9:36
fighting forbidden during, 9:36
unless attacked, 2:194, 2:217
twelve (lunar) in a year, 9:36
Moses, 3:84, 6:84, 6:91, 7:103-162, 10:75-93, 11:96, 11:110,
14:5, 14:6, 14:8, 17:2, 17:101-104, 18:60-82, 19:51-53,
20:9-98, 21:48, 22:44, 23:45-49, 25:35, 26:10-66, 27:7-14,
28:3-43, 28:44, 28:48, 28:76, 29:39, 32:33, 33:7, 33:69,
37:114-120, 40:23-27, 40:53, 41:45, 32:13, 43:46-55,
44:17-36, 46:12, 46:30, 51:38-40, 53:37, 61:5, 79:14-25, 87:19
bringing forth water from the rock, 2:60, 7:160
commands to his people, 5:21
duel by sorcery with Pharaoh’s magicians, 7:109-126,
10:79-81, 20:65-70, 26:43-47
forty nights upon Mt.Sinai, 2:51, 7:142
House of, 2:248
parting of the Red Sea, 20:77, 26:63
plagues, 7:133-136, 7:163
Mosque
disbelievers should not visit or take care of, 9:17
rival in Quba is forbidden, 9:108
Mountains, 15:19, 16:15, 16:81, 17:37, 20:105-107, 27:61,
31:10, 33:72, 34:10, 38:18, 41:10, 42:32, 50:7, 77:27, 78:7,
79:32, 81:3, 88:19, 95:2
Muhammed, 47:2
admonished, 33:37, 66:1, 75:16-19, 80:1-10
as judge for followers, 4:65
dares not alter the Qur’an nor act contrarily, 10:15
divorce, 33:52
exemptions from “regular” marriage laws, 33:51
like of a pretty woman, 33:52
marriage  kinship allowances in, 33:50
restrictions, 33:52
mystical ascension, 53:6-18
not a madman, 7:184, 52:29, 68:2, 81:22
only a prophet, 3:144, 6:50, 7:188
prayed for non-believing Uncle (enjoined not to), 9:113
reacted against something lawful, 66:1
“seal” of the prophets, 33:40
summons from, 24:63
taking leave of, 24:62
unlettered prophet, 7:157, 7:158, 62:2
visiting wives, 3:51
widowed wives not allowed to remarry, 33:53
Mules, 16:18




N

Native peoples don’t drive them out, 2:84
reject those who do, 2:85
driven out of their homelands, 3:195
Necessity
dire circumstances may repeal ordinances forbiding
something, 5:3, 16:115
Nepotism disallowed, 33:40
Night, 25:47
Noah, 3:33, 6:84, 7:59-64, 7:69, 9:70, 10:71, 11:25-33,
11:36-48, 11:89, 14:9, 17:3, 17:17, 19:58, 21:76, 22:42,
23:23-29, 25:37, 26:105-120, 29:14, 37:75-79, 38:12, 40:5,
40:31, 42:13, 50:12, 51:46, 53:52, 54:9, 57:26, 66:10
ark, 7:64, 10:73, 11:37-38, 11:40, 23:27, 29:15,
54:13-14, 69:11, 71:1-28
came to rest on Mt.Judi, 11:44
flood, 7:64, 10:73, 11:40-44, 25:37, 29:120, 29:14,
54:11-12, 71:25
Nuclear physics
things smaller than an atom (originally meant as “ant”?), 10:61, 34:3




O

Oaths, 2:224, 16:91, 16:92, 16:94, 48:10
atonement for broken ones, 5:89
feeding or clothing 10, freeing a slave, fasting
for 3 days, 5:89
Old Testament
followers of, 4:153
Olive, 95:1
Olive trees, 80:29
Oppression, 2:193, 8:39
blame is on oppressors, 42:42
defend against, 42:39
more awesome than killing, 2:191, 2:217
Orphans, 2:220, 4:6, 4:127, 93:7
leave their possessions, 4:2-3, 4:10, 17:34




P

Patriarchy, 33:5
Pearls, 35:33, 52:24, 55:22, 55:58, 56:23, 76:19
Pen, 68:1, 96:4
Persecuted
people, 8:72
protect them unless they under a regime with whom
you have a covenant, 8:72
those who are protectors of, 8:72, 8:74
Persecutors, 85:10
Pharaoh, 7:104-137, 8:52, 8:54, 10:75-90, 11:97, 14:6,
20:24, 20:43, 20:56, 20:60, 20:78, 23:46, 26:10-66, 27:12,
28:3-42, 29:39, 38:12, 40:24-46, 43:46-85, 44:17, 44:31,
50:13, 51:38-40, 54:41-42, 66:11, 69:9, 73:15-16, 79:17-25, 85:18
punishment of, 3:11, 20:78-79, 26:66, 28:40, 43:55,
44:24, 51:40, 89:18
torture by and deliverance fromm 2:49, 17:103
Piety, 2:177
Pollution, 30:41
Poets, 21:5, 26:224, 37:36, 52:30
Pomegranates, 55:68
Prayer, 2:45, 9:103, 51:18, 70:22-23, 75:31, 96:10, 108:2
beautify (adorn) yourselves for, 7:31
content, 2:285-286, 3:8-9, 3:16, 3:147, 3:191-194,
17:80-81, 17:111, 23:118, 59:10, 66:8
day of congregation (Friday), 62:9
for the right reasons, 107:4-6
of Abraham, 2:126-129, 9:114, 14:35-41, 26:83-89
of Joseph, 12:101
of Moses, 20:25-35
of Noah, 23:26, 26:117-118, 71:26, 71:28
of Solomon, 38:35
of Zachariah, 19:8, 19:10
not while drunk, 4:43
prostration, 3:113, 7:206, 9:112, 15:98, 16:48, 16:49,
22:18, 22:26, 22:77, 25:60, 25:64, 26:219, 32:15, 39:9,
41:37, 48:29, 50:40, 53:62, 76:26, 96:19
restrains one from loathesome deeds, 29:45
sacred duty linked to time of day, 4:103
standing, 39:9
style of, 2:238, 17:110
times of day of, 11:114, 17:78, 17:79, 20:130, 24:36,
24:58, 30:17-18, 32:16, 38:18, 50:39-40, 51:17, 52:48-49,
73:2-4, 76:25-26
while in danger, 2:239, 4:101-102
Pregnancy, 7:189, 13:8, 31:34, 32:8, 39:6, 41:47, 53:32
Allah’s spirit is breathed into the fetus, 32:9
Privacy, 24:27-29
nakedness at mid-day, 24:58-59
Propeht’s household, 33:53, 49:4-5
sharing food, 24:61
Prophet
accept him who confirms earlier revelation, 3:81
charity during consultation with, 58:12
don’t acquire slaves except through war, 8:67
don’t raise your voice above, 49:2
has come to you, 9:128
has highest claim on allegiance of believers, 33:6
keeps awake 2/3, ½, or 1/3, of the night praying, 73:20
miracles only by Allah’s leave, 40:78
only mortal human, 12:109, 16:43, 21:7-8, 25:7
people who are false prophets are wicked, 6:93,
6:143-144, 6:157, 7:37, 10:17, 11:18, 29:68, 39:32, 61:7
prophecy in language of target population, 14:4, 16:89
purpose of, 2:213, 6:48, 6:130, 14:4-6
some not mentioned, 40:78
some superior, 2:253, 17:55
those who came before had wives and children, 13:38
wives rewards and punishments, 33:30-31
will be let go if they desire, 33:28-29
Psalms, 4:163
given to David, 4:163




Q

Qarun, 28:76-81, 29:39, 40:24
Quail, 7:160
Qur’an, 4:82, 5:16, 7:204, 9:111, 10:15, 10:37, 11:13,
11:14, 12:3, 15:87, 15;91, 16:98, 17:9, 17:41, 17:45, 17:46,
17:60, 17:82, 17:88, 17:89, 18:54, 20:2, 20:114, 25:4, 25:6
25:30, 25:32, 27:1, 27:6, 27:76, 27:92, 28:85, 30:58, 34:31,
36:2, 38:1, 39:27, 41:26, 41:44, 42:7, 43:31, 46:12, 46:29,
47:24, 50:1, 50:45, 54:22, 54:32, 54:40, 55:2, 56:75, 59:21,
69:40, 73:4, 73:20, 76:23, 84:21
bestowed on a blessed night, 44:3, 97:1-5
clear ordinances, 98:3
completion of, 5:3
conveyed clearly, 5:16, 10:15
distortion of, 5:41
divine nature of, 10:37
don’t approach it in haste, 20:114
easy to understand, 44:58
full of wisdom, 36:2
guidance to humans, 2:185
invisible barrier during recitation, 17:45
is not Muhammed’s sayings, 69:44
not from a satanic force, 81:25
not poetry, 36:69, 69:41
recite as much as you may do with ease, 73:20
revealed in Arabic, 12:2, 13:37, 16:103, 20:113,
26:195, 39:28, 41:3, 43:3, 44:58
sent forth “in waves” (gradually), 77:1
some verses direct, some allegorical, 3:7
source of health, 17:82, 41:44
upon an imperishable tablet, 85:21-22
Quraysh, 106:1




R

Rabbis
some devour people’s possessions, 9:34
taken as lords, 9:31
turn people away from Allah, 9:34
Ramadhan, 2:185
and sex during the night, 2:187
Record of personal deeds, 17:13, 18:49, 36:12, 54:53
Red Sea
parting of, 2;50, 20:77-78, 26:63-66
Refugees, 59:8
Religion, 110:2
divergence of opinion, 3:19, 42:14, 45:17, 51:8, 78:3, 98:4
draws together former enemies, 3:103
false ideas upon things allowed and forbidden, 16:116
falsely follow other people’s conjectures, 6:116, 6:119
falsely guided by ancestral concept of, 43:22
is not play and transient delight, 6:70, 7:51, 47:36
is self surrender to Allah, 3:85
no coercion in matters of faith, 2:256
no hardship in, 22:78
same as it was for the ones before you, 42:13
try and penetrate deepest meaning of, 4:162
use reason in, 2:65, 8:22
wickedness of attributing one’s own lying inventions to Allah, 6:21
Religious
sects, 6:159, 30:32, 43:65
should stay together, 3:103
Resurrection, 30:27, 83:4
Day, 2:113, 2:212, 3:77, 3:161, 3:180, 3:185, 3:194,
4:87, 4:109, 4:141, 4:159, 5:14, 5:36, 5:64, 6:12, 6:73,
7:32, 7:167, 10:93, 11:59, 11:60, 11:98, 11:99, 16:25,
16:27, 16:92, 16:124, 17:13, 17:52, 17:58, 17:62, 17:97,
18:47, 18:105, 19:95, 20:100-102, 20:124, 21:47, 22:9,
22:17, 22:69, 23:16, 25:69, 26:87, 28:41-42, 28:61, 28:71,
28:72-81, 28:85, 29:13, 29:25, 30:40, 30:56, 31:34, 32:25,
35:14, 38:79, 39:15, 39:24, 39:31, 39:47, 39:60, 39:67-75,
40:46, 41:40, 41:47, 41:50, 42:17, 42:18, 42:45, 45:17,
45:26, 46:5, 50:42, 54:6-8, 58:6, 58:7, 58:18, 60:3, 68:39,
75:1, 75:6, 78:18, 80:33-42, 85:2, 88:1
followers of Jesus above non-believers, 3:55
of humans, 13:5, 16:39, 17:51, 17:98-99, 20:55, 22:7,
22:66, 25:40, 29:20, 30:11, 34:7, 36:12, 36:79, 41:39,
43:11, 46:33, 53:47, 56:61, 63:7, 71:18, 75:3, 80:22, 85:13, 86:8
moon is darkened, 75:8
of soul, 2:28, 30:25, 31:28
sun and moon brought together (solar eclipse or solar expansion?), 75:9
Revelation, 42:52, 43:4, 45:16, 46:12, 47:20, 52:2-3, 56:80,
57:16, 57:25, 57:26, 66:12, 69:43, 74:31, 74:52, 80:13,
98:1, 98:4, 98:6
every age has had it own, 13:38
from behind a veil, 42:51
mentioning war, 47:20
nature of delivery, 42:51, 53:2-11
Ruby, 55:58




S

Sabbath, 16:124
breakers, 2:65, 4:47, 4:154-155, 7:163-166
Sabians, 22:17
righteous will be rewarded, 2:62, 5:69
Sacrifice, 108:2
Salih, 7:73-79, 11:61, 11:89, 26:142-158, 27:45-52
Samaritan, 20:85, 20:87, 20:95
Saul, 2:247, 2:249
Sea, 2:50, 2:164, 5:96, 6:59, 6:63, 7:138, 7:163, 10:22,
10:90, 14:32, 16:14, 17:66, 17:67, 17:70, 18:60, 18:61,
18:63, 18:79, 18:109, 20:77, 22:65, 24:40, 26:63, 27:63,
30:41, 31:27, 31:31, 42:33, 45:12, 52:6, 55:24, 81:6
darkness in the depths of, 24:40
Sex
conception and pregnancy (see Pregnancy)
consort with wives in a goodly manner, 4:19
don’t force female slaves into prostitution, 24:33
during Ramadhan, 2:187
is what your spouse is for, 2:187, 2:222-223
with slaves is legal (alternate interpretation), 23:6,
33:50, 33:52, 70:30
Sexes
created from one living entity (soul), 4:1, 6:98
each entitled to own earnings, 4:32
equality of, 3:195, 4:32, 4:124, 6:139, 9:67, 9:68,
9:71, 9:72, 16:97, 33:35, 33:58, 33:73, 40:40, 42:49, 42:50,
47:19, 48:5, 48:6, 57:13, 57:18, 60:10
in divorce, 2:228
guides for one another, 9:71
men provide for women, 4:34
Sheba, 27:22-41, 34:15
Ships, 2:164, 10:22, 14:32, 16:14, 17:66, 18:71, 18:79,
22:65, 23:22, 29:65, 30:46, 31:31, 35:12, 36:41, 37:140,
40:80, 42:32, 43:12, 45:12, 55:24
Shu’ayb, 7:85-93, 11:84-95, 26:177-189, 29:36
Sight, 41:22
Silk, 22:23, 44:53, 76:12, 76:21
Silver, 43:33-34, 76:15-16, 76:21
Sin, 4:111
avoiding, 4:31
blaming another, 4:112
Sinai, Mt.:2:63, 2:93, 19:52, 95:2
Skin, 2:187, 41:22
Sky, 88:18
still smoke, 41:11
Slaves, 4:3, 4:24, 4:25, 4:36, 16:71, 23:6, 24:31, 24:58,
30:28, 33:50, 33:52, 33:55, 70:30
aquisition only though war, 8:67
don’t force female slaves into prostitution, 24:33
freeing
after war is over, 47:4
as penance for a broken oath, 5:89
as penance for death of believer fighting against you, 4:92
charity is for freeing (among other things), 9:60
is the act of a truly pious person, 2:177
those who ask you to who have any good in them, 24:33
Solomon, 2:101, 4:163, 6:84, 21:78, 21:79, 21:81, 27:15-21, 34:12-14
and the Queen of Sheba, 27:22-41
discovery of the death of, 34:14-16
Sorcery
is evil, 2:101
Spider, 29:41
Spouses (a time when they are evil for you), 64:14
Stealing
cutting of hands as punishment, 5:38
forgiveness for (before discovery), 5:39
is wrong even through the judiciary, 2:188
Swine, 5:60
Synagogues, 22:40




T

Tabuk
Allah’s mercy towards those on expedition to, 9:118
Ten Commandments, 2:53, 7:145
Thamud, 7:73, 9:70, 11:61, 11:95, 14:9, 15:80, 17:59, 22:42,
25:38, 26:141, 27:45-52, 29:38, 38:13, 40:31, 41:13, 41:17,
50:12, 51:43, 53:51, 54:23-31, 69:4, 69:5, 85:18, 88:9, 91:11
rock dwellings, 7:74, 15:82, 26:149, 88:9
she camel, 7:73, 11:64, 26:155, 54:26, 91:13
killing of, 7:77, 11:66, 26:157, 54:29, 91:14
punishment for, 7:78, 11:67, 26:158, 54:31, 91:14
Time, 103:1
Torah, 3:3, 3:93, 5:44, 5:46, 5:66, 5:68, 5:110, 7:157,
9:111, 48:29, 61:6, 62:5
retribution in (also adopted by Muslims), 5:45
forgoing it will be better, 5:45
Treachery, 8:58
Tree
at Hudaybiyyah, 48:18
of hell, 17:60, 37:62-63, 56:52
Trees, 22:18, 23:20, 27:60, 31:27, 36:80, 55:6, 56:72
Trinity
Allah is not a, 4:171, 5:73
Tubba, 44:37, 50;14
Twelve tribes, 7:159
scattering of, 7:168
Two Horned One, 18:83




U

Uhud
battle of, 3:121-123, 3:143, 3:152-154, 3:166
Usury, 30:39
delay repayment (forgiving debt is better), 2:278
forbidden, 2:275, 3:130
forgive debt, 2:278
Jews took it even though forbidden to, 4:161





W

Water, 47:15, 56:31, 56:68, 67:30, 77:27, 88:17
two great bodies of, 25:53, 27:61, 35:12, 55:19, 55:21
Weather
clouds, 7:57, 7:160, 24:40, 24:43, 25:25, 30:48, 35:9,
52:44, 56:69
and their patterns, 2:164
hail, 24:43
lifting, 30:48, 35:9
lightning, 13:12, 30:24
striking people, 13:13
rain, 2:163, 2:265, 6:99, 7:57, 8:11, 10:24, 13:17,
14:32, 15:22, 16:65, 18:45, 20:53, 22:5, 22:63, 23:18,
24:43, 25:48, 27:60, 29:63, 30:24, 30:48, 31:10, 31:34,
32:27, 35:27, 39:21, 40:13, 41:39, 42:28, 42:33, 43:11,
45:5, 46:24, 50:9, 56:69, 57:20, 78:14, 80:25
and fighting, 4:102
storms, 17:68, 17:69
thunder, 13:13
wind, 7:57, 14:18, 15:22, 17:68, 21:81, 25:48, 27:63,
29:40, 30:46, 30:48, 30:51, 33:9, 34:12, 35:9, 38:36, 41:16,
45:5, 46:24, 51:1-4, 51:41, 52:27, 54:19, 67:17, 69:6, 78:14
to pollinate, 15:22
Widows
provisions for one year, 2:240
year in husband’s home, 2:240
wait four months and ten days before remarriage, 2:234
OK to plan remarriage during waiting period, 2:235
Wills, 2:180, 2:240
amending forbidden, 2:181-182
two witnesses when you declare it, 5:106
if those who should falter, 5:107
Wine, 47:15, 83:25
Wools, 16:80
Women
accept those seeking  refuge from non-believing
husband’s, 60:10
gross moral depravity, 4:15
punishment for, 4:15
repentence, 4:16
ill willed, 4:34
punishment for, 4:34
lack of outer garments for older, 24:60
pledges of believing women, 60:12
righteous guard intimacies revealed to them, 4:34, 66:3-6
term (time) of pregnancy (see Pregnancy)




Z

Zachariah, 3:37-41, 6:85, 19:2-12



This source of information was taken from:
1.  Internet, and can also be found in the Holy Qur'an with a commentary, and translation     by  Mir Ahmad Ali.

Source: http://www.fabonline.com

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