The author of «Yanabi-ul-Muwadda» on page 493 narrates from «Manaqeb» of Khawrazmi who in turn narrates from Jafar-ibn-Muhammad Masroor who narrates from Hussein-ibn-Muhammad Aamer who narrates from his Uncle Abdullah-ibn-Aamer who narrates from Muhammad-ibn-Abu Omair who narrates from Abu Jumaila Mufazzal-ibn-Saleh who narrates from Jaber-ibn-Yazid who narrates from Jaber-ibn-Abdullah Ansari who said: 'The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) said:- 'Mahdi is my son. His name as well as his agnomen shall be the same as mine. Amongst all the people, he shall resemble me the most in creation and morals.(56)
In the afore-mentioned book, the same tradition of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) has been narrated from Abu Baseer who has narrated from Hazrat Sadiq Jafer-ibn-Muhammad who In turn has narrated from his father Amir-ul-Mumineen (A.S.).
The author of «Al-Fotouhat-al-Makkiyah» in the 366th chapter writes about the characteristics of Mahdi as such:- 'He is similar to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) in creation. However in morals, he is similar to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) to a lesser degree because none can be like Hazrat in morals as Allah says:
The author says: 'Two persons being alike from any viewpoint (whether creation or morals) is impossible habitually. However such remarks show the nearness of one (amongst them) to the other just as the same meaning can be derived from the first tradition which says: Amongst all the people, he resembles the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) the most. That is to say, if at all the creation and morals of the people is to be compared with the creation and morals of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) then amongst all, Mahdi (A.S.) is the one who resembles the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) the most and he is the one who is nearest to him. This matter is not incompatible with the matter of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) being (Majestic in creation) and the fact that no (character) is similar to his '--'.
Abu Dawoud narrates on page 88 of his «Sahih» a tradition from Umm-Salma, the wife of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) and she from the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) while speaking about Mahdi and his allegiance between 'Rukn' and 'Maqam' he said: 'The people shall act according to the manners of their Prophet and Islam will be established and its precepts will expand all over the earth.'
The author of «Yanabi-ul-Muwadda» narrates (on page 437) from Ali-ibn-Abi Talib, Amir-ul- Mumineen (A.S.) who said about Mahdi's characteristics as such:- At the time when they (i.e. the people) shall suit the guidance to follow the desires, Mahdi shall alter the desires to follow the guidance. At the time when they shall interpret Quran to follow their (own) prudence, Mahdi shall realign (their) prudence to follow the Quran. Mahdi shall demonstrate to you the Justice. Mahdi shall enliven the commandments of the Quran and the Sunnah which was until then, dead and lifeless.
On page 98 of «Sawa'eq», Ibn-Hajar says: Ibn-Hemad narrates one tradition which its chain of transmission culminates in the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.). Hazrat says: 'Mahdi is from my race. He shall fight for my 'Sunnah' just as I fought for the revelation of Allah'.(57)
The author of «Yanabi-ul-Muwadda» narrates on page 445 from Hamuani who narrates from Ibn-Abbass as such: 'The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) said:- 'Verily Allah resolved this religion by the hands of Ali. Then, when he is killed, the religion shall deteriorate until Mahdi comes and rectifies it.'
The author says: Traditions about Mahdi that he shall fill the earth with equity and Justice after it has been filled with cruelty and oppression come to the level of 'Mustafiza'. Allah-willing, you shall soon come across these and other traditions.(58)
In the third chapter of «Eqdud-Durar» its author narrates from Harith-ibn-Mughaira Ansari that he asked Abu Abdullah Hussein-ibn-Ali as such: By what sign should we recognize Mahdi?
He replied: 'By (his) calmness and (his) dignity.
Once again I asked: By what sign?
He replied: By recognizing the 'forbidden' and 'permissible' affairs and the need of the people towards him and his own needlessness from others.
On page 401, the author of«Yanabi-ul-Muwadda» narrates from the book of «Durra-tul-Ma'aref» as follows:
'Mahdi shall bring out from the cave of 'Anthakia' the books and shall bring out from the lake of 'Tabariah' the Zaboor which contains all that the family of Musa and Haroon have left behind and which was carried. by the Angels and contains the Tablets (pieces of stone or wood on which divine matters have been written) and the cane of Musa (A.S.). Moreover Mahdi is superior to all the people in knowledge and insight.'(59)
In the afore-mentioned book, the author narrates from Khawrazmi where the chain of transmission leads to Abu Jafar Baqir (A.S.) who, while speaking, about Mahdi and his resemblance to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) said: 'And he shall bring out all that the Prophets have stored.'
The author of «Eqdud-Durar» narrates (in Chapter 3, Section 9) from Abdullah-ibn-Atha as such: 'I asked Hazrat Abu Jafar (Baqir) to inform me about 'Qaem' and he replied:- 'I am not that 'Qaem' and neither the one whom you have perambulated around. I asked him about Mahdi's behaviour and he replied: 'Just as the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) used to behave.'
In the third chapter of «Eqdud-Durar» its author, narrates from Ka'ab-ul-Akhbar who said: 'I have found in the Books of Prophets about the characteristic of Mahdi and that his commands are not oppressive and violatary in nature.'
Thereafter he writes: 'Imam Abu Omar and Muqqari in their 'Sunan' and Hafez Abu Na'eem Abdullah-ibn-Hemad. too have narrated this tradition.(60)
About the characteristic of Mahdi, the author of «Fotouhat al-Makkiyah» writes in chapter No. 363 as such:
'He shall distribute wealth equally, will execute Justice among the people and bring to a halt the altercations.'
The author of «Es'aaf-ur-Raghebeen» narrates on page 161 of his afore-said book from «Fotouhat al-Makkiyah» as follows:
'As research goes, Hazrat Mahdi shall give command to those things which the Angel of inspiration shall give and surely he shall be revealed the creed of Muhammad. The same matter can be seen in one of the traditions where the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) says:- 'Mahdi shall follow me and he is free from every error.'
Thus the Holy Prophet made us realize and -recognize Hazrat Mahdi in this regard that his commands are the very commands of the Holy Prophet and are not innovations. Moreover it shows that he is infallible and will not issue any order but that which is the truth.
Thereafter he says: Notwithstanding that Allah inspires him to the truth, his comparison is forbidden. Rather, some of the researchers have forbidden comparison for all men of conscience and men of God for this reason that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) is present in their sight. Thus, if they should occasionally doubt the authenticity of a tradition or decree, they ought to refer to Hazrat and he in turn shall inform them about the true and manifest affairs. The one who possesses such a status is not in need of following any leaders save the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.).
The magazine 'Hudal-Islam' in its 25th weekly publication in its third year narrates from Ibn-Maaja who narrates from Abu Sa'eed Khudri that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) said:-
'Verily Mahdi shall be from my Ummah'. Thereafter he said:- 'A person shall approach him and say:- 'O Mahdi grant me something.' Then he shall pour wealth unto him to the extent which he can carry.(61)
The author of «Es'aaf-ur-Raghebeen» on page 149 has narrated from Abu Dawoud and Abu Abdullah Hakem Naishabouri; the author of «Yanabi-ulMuwadda» on page 431 from Tirmidhi and all three from Abu Sa'eed the same tradition of the Holy Prophet in its exact form.
Ibn-Hajar in his 'Sawaeq' on page 98 narrates from Abu Na'eem that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) said:- 'Allah shall appoint a person from my progeny.' Thereafter he said:- 'He shall bestow wealth abundantly.'
The same has been narrated in «Es'aaf-ur-Raghebeen» on page 149.
Also, Ibn-Hajar on page 98 of his 'Sawaeq' writes that Ahmad and Muslim have brought a tradition from the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) stating:- 'In the end of time, there shall be a Caliph who will bestow wealth abundantly and unlimitedly.'
The same tradition has been narrated on page 149 of «Esaaf-ur-Raghebeen».(62)
The author of «Eqdud-Durar» narrates from 'Tarikh' of Abu Abdullah-ibn-Jauzi and he from Abdullah-ibn-Abbass and he from the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) as saying:- 'The rulers of the earth are four - two of them believers and two apostates. The two believers are Zul-Qarnain and Sulaiman while the two apostates are Bukht-un-Nasr (Nebuchadnezzar) and Nimrod. Soon a person from my progeny shall gain control over it (i.e. the earth).(63)
The author of «Es'aaf-ur-Raghebeen» on page 152 says: 'It has come in traditions that Mahdi will become the Master of the earth from East to West.'
The author says: In some of the traditions it is mentioned that his rule will envelope the East and West.
The author of «y anabi-ul-Muwadda» narrates from the author «Jawahar-ul-Aqdain» and he, from Ali who said:- 'When the 'Qaem' from the progeny of Muhammad (S.AW.A.) emerges, Allah will gather for him the inhabitants of the East and West.'
In vol. 4, pg. 87 of 'Sahih' Abu Dawoud narrates from Ali (Peace be upon him) that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) said: 'If there remains not more than a day from the life of the earth, Allah will appoint a person from my progeny. He shall fill the earth with equity and Justice just as it had been filled with cruelty and oppression.(64)
The author of «Nur-ul-Absar» has narrated (on page 231) from Ali-ibn-Abi Talib (A.S.) as such:- 'I asked the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.): Will Mahdi be from (our) progeny of Muhammad or will he be from some other progeny?
He replied: No, he shall be from Us. Allah shall bring the religion to completion through his hands just as he expanded it through us. By our blessings they (i.e. the people) shall be released from turbulences just as they got released from polytheism. By our blessings Allah will unite their hearts after conspiratorial animosity just as He united their hearts after polytheistic animosity. By our blessings, they shall turn into brothers in faith after having become enemies to each other.
Some of the scholars reckon this tradition to be 'Hassan' (acceptable) and superior in the chain of transmitters and the experts in traditions have written them in their respective books. However Tabarani has only rememorated books. However Tabarani has only rememorated it in his 'Mu'ajam' (Ausath), Abu Na'eem has only narrated it in his 'Huliat-ul-Aulia' and Abdur-Rahman has only mentioned it in his 'Awaali'.(65)
The author of «Eqdur-Durar» in chapter 1 section 4 narrates from Abu Jafar Muhammad-ibn-Ali who said: 'Mahdi shall emerge on the day of 'Ashura' (and that is the day when Hussein-ibn-Ali will be martyred perhaps on Saturday the tenth of Muharram) between 'Rukn' and 'Maqam' and on his right will be Gibra'eel and on his left Micha'eel. Allah will gather his Shias around him from everywhere and the earth shall roll up for them.(66)
In Chapter 2, Section 4 of the afore-mentioned book, the author narrates from «Mustadrak» of Abu Abdullah Hakem who narrates from Umm-Salma (peace be upon her) who said: 'The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) said: '«People shall give allegiance between 'Rukn' and 'Maqam' to the person who is amongst my followers and their number shall match the number of people of 'Badr'.
Again, in Chapter 7 of the same book its author narrates from the book «Al-Fatan» of Na'eem-ibn Hemad who narrates from Abu Huraira as such: 'Allegiance will be given to Mahdi between 'Rukn' and 'Maqam' without a person being awakened from his sleep nor a drop of blood being shed.
The author of «Fotohat-al-Makkiyah» after mentioning (in the 366th Chapter) about Mahdi and the fact that he is from the offspring of Fatemah and is similar in name to the Holy Prophet and his great grand-father Hassan-ibn-Abi-ibn-Abi Talib says:- 'People shall give him allegiance between 'Rukn' and 'Maqam'.