no.2 of Sura Al-Quiyamah, Allah (SWT) says;
“Nay, I swear by the self-accusing
the stages of development of human soul (Rooh) as mentioned in this
verse is known as Lawwamah which
means the accuser / the critisizer.It makes him feel concious and aware
of an evil and wrongdoing and he resists in doing it. It makes him ask
for God’s grace and pardon.
making the mention of Lawwamah –
the self-accusing soul, Allah (SWT) has given importance to it as a
means of perfecting man’s character.It is the God-fearing and pious
people who keep this soul active and refer to it in their daily
life.Simply put, it is by the help of this aspect of human soul that
they refrain from sins.
bin Abi Talib (as) has said;
your account ( of deeds) before you are called to render it (after death
in presence of God)”.
regular criticizing and accounting of oneself is essential for the
development of human soul. This is a way one can save himself from
evil-doing and falling prey to pride and negligence.Before we go to
sleep, we must embark upon self-accounting for what we have done during
the passed day.We should be able to judge our conduct whether it is upto
the Islamic standard and spiritual perfection..Should we detect any
wrong, we should firmly resolve to amend and improve ourselves.If we do
not do this at the early stage, the time would come when repenting would
be too late.It would be very difficult in older age to correct the
wrong habits already deeply rooted in our nature.
to cultivate the habit of daily self-accounting and self-criticism so as
to attain a higher stage of perfection called
Mutma’innah in Islam when a soul
feels rest and satisfied.
related that the Holy Prophet (saw) once, when travelling with his
companions, dismounted at a barren place where there was no
vegetation.He (saw) told them to go and collect firewood and they asked
how could they find that on such a barren land.The Prophet(saw) advised
them to collect whatever they could.So they went and brought whatever
little they could collect and in a short while, there was a heap laid
before the Prophet.He (saw) then told them that one’s sins could
similarly be searched and collected.
Prophet (saw) meant to convey to his people was a lesson of self-accounting.The
same way as the wood collected could not be seen before collection,
man’s sins are not easily seen and remembered.But when they are looked
for and accounted, they form a long list.Hence one should form the habit
of self-accounting and learn to correct one’s own faults and sins rather
than spy those of others and criticize them.
MANSOOR AND THE FLY
was an Abbasid court, with all the splendor.Mansoor was the king.Just as
Mansoor was attending the business of state, a small fly sat on his
nose.With a wave of his hand, he whisked it off.But the fly sat on his
nose again.This continued till atlast Mansoor felt greatly disturbed.
to Imam Ja’ffar As-Sadiq (as), who was present that day, he said;
“O’Son of the Prophet! Can you tell me why Allah created these lousy
“Yes, So that the mighty and the proud are
rendered humble and helpless”.
Mulla Mujaheedali Sheriff