Imam Hasan (A.S.)
Muawiya sent a disguised man to Kufah to ask Amirul Muminin Ali (A.S.)
for the answers of certain questions that the King of the Romans
addressed at him. The Imam could recognize the man who confessed of his
reality as soon as he was interrogated.
Amirul Muminin(A.S.) said, "Allah may curse son of that who ate the
livers(Hinda,Muawiya's mother). He, as well as his followers, is
extremely deviant. Allah curse him. He manumitted a bondmaid. It was
preferable for him to marry her. May Allah be the judge between this
nation and me. They disregarded my kinship, discounted my great rank,
and wasted my characters. "
He then summoned Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, and Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiya. As
they were before him, the Imam Ali(A.S.) said, "O Syrian brother, these
two are the Prophet's sons and this one is mine. You may ask anyone of
The man referred to Imam Hasan (A.S.), then put his questions:
"What is the distance between the right and the wrong?
What is the distance between the heavens and the earth?
What is the distance between the east and the west?
What is that colorless spot seen in the moon?
What is the rainbow?
What is this galaxy?
What was the first thing that sprinkled on the earth?
What was the first thing that shook on the earth?
What is the spring at which all the spirits of the believers and the
What are the ten things one of which is stronger than the other?"
Imam Hasan (A.S.) answered:
O Syrian brother, what is between the right and the wrong is only the
distance of four fingers. The right is only what is seen with the eye,
whereas you may hear very much wrong with the ears.
What lies between the heavens and the earth are the supplication of the
wronged man and the extension of the sight. He whoever says anything
else is lying.
What lies between the east and the west is a day with steady movement of
the sun. You wait for sunrise and then wait for sunset. He whoever says
anything else is lying.
This galaxy is the rips of the heavens and the place from which the
torrential water ascended to Noah the Prophet (A.S.).
Regarding the rainbow, you should not name it 'Quzah ---the bow of Quzah-'
because 'Quzah' is the name of a devil. You should name it 'Qawsullah---the
bow of Allah-'. It is security against drowning.
Regarding the colorful spots of the moon, the moonlight was as shiny as
sunlight, but Allah erased it. This is His saying: We have made the sign
of the night to pass a way and We have made the sign of the day
manifest. (Holy Qur'an 17:12).
The first thing that sprinkled on the earth was valley of gloom.
The first thing that shook on the earth was date-palm tree.
The spring at which the spirits of the believers lodge is a spring named
The spring at which the spirits of the disbelievers lodge is called
The strongest creation of Allah was the stone. Iron is stronger than the
stone. Fire is stronger than iron. Water is stronger than fire. Clouds
are stronger than water. Wind is stronger than clouds. The angels are
stronger than wind. The angel of death is stronger than the other
angels. Death is stronger than the angel of death. Allah's act is
stronger than death.
The Syrian man said: I declare that you are surely the son of the
Prophet (S.A.W.) and I declare that Ali (A.S.) is surely Muhammad's
He then wrote down the answers and took them to Muawiya who sent them to
the king of the Romans. As the latter received them, he said, "I am sure
this is not Muawiya's. These are surely the answers from the House of
About the Source of Power
Hasan al-Basri wrote the following missive to Imam Hasan ibn Ali(A.S.):
So then, you, the Hashemites, are the progressing ships in the high
waves, the celebrated illuminative signs, and the ark of Noah(A.S.) on
which the believers embark and by which the Muslims are saved. I write
to you, son of the Prophet, about our argument about fate and our
perplexity about the source of power. I wish you would tell us of the
opinion of your fathers and yours. It is surely that your knowledge is a
part of Allah's, and you are the witnesses on people and Allah is the
witness on you. You are the offspring of one another, and Allah is
All-hearing and All-seeing.
Imam Hasan(A.S.) answered:
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
I have received your missive. Only because you referred to the
perplexity of you and those who passed, I will explain the question to
He who does not believe in the fact that Allah has full acqaintance with
the good and the evil of the fate is disbeliever.
He who refers the doing of the acts of disobedience to Him is sinful.
Allah has not been obeyed by force and has not been defied due to His
being overcome. He has not respited the servants uselessly. He is surely
the possessor of what He has given to them in possession and controls
what He has empowered. His commandments are obligatory and His warnings
are means of caution.
If the servants cling to the obedience to Allah, they will not find any
barrier in their way and if they disobey, Allah may do them favor by
precluding them from doing such acts of disobedience. If He does not do,
then it is not He who encourages them committing so by force or
compulsorily. On the contrary, He does them the favor of informing,
advising, warning, ordering them not to do so.
He does not frame them to obey Him like the angels and does not oblige
them to commit acts of disobedience to Him.
Final authority belongs only to Allah. Had He wanted, He would have
given you all guidance. Peace be upon those who follow the right
His Sermon when Muawiya said "Refer to our
merits." after Signing the Peace Treaty
All praise and thanks belong to Allah. Peace be upon Muhammad(S.A.W.)
the Prophet and his family.
This is I for those who know me. For those who do not know me, I say
that I am Al-Hasan, the son of the Messenger of Allah(S.A.W.). I am the
son of the proclaimer of the good tidings and the warner. I am the son
of the chosen for the Divine Message. I am the son of that whom the
angels have blessed. I am the son of that by whom the umma have been
honored. I am the son of that to whom Gabriel the angel was the emissary
of Allah. I am the son of that whom was sent as mercy for the peoples.
All peace and blessings be upon him and his family.
As Muawiya could not control his malice and envy, he said to the
Imam(A.S.), "O Hasan, describe ripe dates for us."
Imam al-Hasan(A.S.) said: Yes, Muawiya, I will do. Ripe dates are
pollinated by the wind, puffed by the sun, colored by the moon, ripened
by hot weather, and cooled by night.
Imam al-Hasan(A.S.) then was back to continue his sermon: I am the son
of that whose supplication is answered. I am the son of that who was as
close to his Lord as the distance of two bows, or even less. I am the
son of the obeyed interceder. I am the son of Makkah and Mina. I am the
son of that to whom the people of Quraish submitted unwillingly. I am
the son of that whose follower will be happy and whose disappointer will
be unhappy. I am the son of that to whom the earth has been made a place
of prostration and pure. I am the son of that to whom the news of the
heavens came successively. I am the son of those from whom Allah has
kept filth away and purified them thoroughly.
Muawiya said: O Hasan(A.S.), I think you are willing for the position of
Imam al-Hasan(A.S.) answered: Woe to you, Muawiya. The true caliph is
that who pursues the practices of the Messenger of Allah(S.A.W.) and
acts upon the obedience to Allah. I swear by my life, we are surely the
signs of guidance and the light marks of God-fearing. You, Muawiya, are
one of those who extinguished the (prophetic) traditions, livened up
heresies, betook Allah's
servants as slaves and Allah's wealth as means of play.Hence,He caused
your affairs to be obscure and you will live for a short time and burden
the consequences of your evildoings. O Muawiya, Allah has created two
cities: one in the east and the other in the west. He named them Jabulqa
and Jabulsa. Except my grandfather the Prophet(S.A.W.), Allah has never
sent anyone to these cities.